Table 6 Costs, cost difference, and net monetary benefit for different input parameters, 80 year time horizon

From: Cost burden and net monetary benefit loss of neonatal hypoglycaemia

Utility Source and Method Cost method Discount Rate Prevalence Source Cost, NZ$, Hospital and Post-Discharge Utility, QALYs Net Monetary Benefit Loss, NZ$
     Neonatal Hypoglycaemia No Neonatal Hypoglycaemia Difference Neonatal Hypoglycaemia No Neonatal Hypoglycaemia λ = $43 k λ = $14 k
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $72,233.42 $6175.89 $66,057.53 21.25 23.89 $180,252.41 $103,775.53
Kwon et al., minimum value Sum of all outcomes 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $71,847.80 $6137.82 $65,709.97 21.25 23.89 $179,906.51 $104,723.87
Kwon et al., product of values Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $71,928.23 $6155.35 $65,772.88 21.19 23.89 $182,624.71 $111,480.44
Petrou et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $72,478.70 $6193.92 $66,284.79 22.08 25.22 $201,874.00 $99,124.63
Carrol et al., TTO, minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $72,147.79 $6166.69 $65,981.10 25.09 27.39 $165,411.90 $98,896.91
Carrol et al., SG, minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $71,866.26 $6188.04 $65,678.22 25.09 27.39 $165,335.51 $287,808.34
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 0.0% Mean, all outcomes $193,484.20 $15,707.46 $177,776.74 61.41 69.04 $507,875.19 $78,883.76
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 5.0% Mean, all outcomes $55,431.26 $4859.70 $50,571.56 15.79 17.76 $135,510.35 $33,429.72
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Minimum, all outcomes $30,945.31 $6208.07 $24,737.24 23.29 23.89 $50,818.36 $106,689.74
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, with vision disorders and epilepsy values equal to population without hypoglycaemia $73,723.28 $6188.28 $67,534.99 21.18 23.89 $184,998.44 $103,775.53
  1. Abbreviations: QALY quality-adjusted life year, λ willingness-to-pay, SG standard gamble, TTO time trade-off
  2. To convert NZ$ to US$ multiply by 0.6938