Table 5 Multinomial logistic regression analysis of doctors choice of specialty (n = 184). Comparison group is n = 95 doctors choosing Medicine (UNADJUSTED)

From: Factors influencing specialty choice and the effect of recall bias on findings from Irish medical graduates: a cross-sectional, longitudinal study

  UNADJUSTED
General Practice (n = 28) Surgery (n = 61)
RRR(95% CI) p value RRR(95% CI) p value
Age 1.28 (1.11–1.47] 0.001 0.95 [0.82–1.09] 0.470
Sex Female (v. Male) 1.19 [0.48–2.96] 0.704 0.44 [0.22–0.87] 0.017
Study pathway
 GEM entry (v. DEM) 3.21 [1.31–7.86] 0.011 1.31 [0.65–2.64] 0.452
Migration intention
 Go abroad (LBR & LP) v. Remain 0.35 [0.14–0.82] 0.016 0.62 [0.31–1.21] 0.162
Factors influencing career choice
 Own aptitude/skills 0.64 [0.30–1.33] 0.235 1.21 [0.65–2.25] 0.537
 Work-life balance 4.31 [1.26–14.69] 0.020 0.55 [0.32–0.95] 0.031
 What I really want to do 0.58 [0.27–1.25] 0.167 0.83 [0.45–1.53] 0.559
 Intellectual satisfaction 0.41 [0.22–0.78] 0.007 0.84 [0.50–1.41] 0.517
 Acceptable hours/working conditions 7.05 [1.64–30.37] 0.009 0.58 [0.35–0.96] 0.034
 Career prospects 0.45 [0.23–0.87] 0.018 1.10 [0.65–1.85] 0.727
 Self-appraisal of own skills/aptitude 0.56 [0.27–1.17] 0.122 1.63 [0.90–2.95] 0.104
 Career fitting my domestic circumstances 4.41 [1.82–10.72] 0.001 0.73 [0.46–1.16] 0.184
 Experience of job so far 0.36 [0.18–0.73] 0.005 0.92 [0.54–1.55] 0.747
 Career and promotion prospects 0.32 [0.15–0.68] 0.003 0.99 [0.55–1.76] 0.971
 Availability of career posts 0.83 [0.45–1.51] 0.536 0.99 [0.62–1.60] 0.979
 Amount of patient contact 1.48 [0.76–2.88] 0.243 0.57 [0.35–0.93] 0.026
 Availability postgraduate training places 0.76 [0.41–1.41] 0.383 1.42 [0.86–2.33] 0.166
 Future financial prospects 1.04 [0.55–1.96] 0.907 1.82 [1.07–3.08] 0.026
 Location and transport 0.80 [0.49–1.31] 0.377 1.32 [0.78–1.66] 0.512
 Potential earnings 1.41 [0.80–2.50] 0.239 1.36 [0.88–2.09] 0.166
 A particular teacher/department 0.18 [0.09–0.36] 0.000 0.75 [0.47–1.19] 0.220
 Experience of subject as a student 0.94 [0.55–1.62] 0.837 0.93 [0.62–1.41] 0.751
 Advice from others 0.49 [0.26–0.96] 0.037 0.66 [0.39–1.11] 0.120
 Spouse/Partner’s career 1.42 [0.90–2.24] 0.131 1.28 [0.91–1.80] 0.163
 Continuity of patient care 3.44 [1.78–6.64] 0.001 0.61 [0.39–0.97] 0.035
 Current financial debt 1.25 [0.77–2.04] 0.367 1.13 [0.77–1.66] 0.522
 Inclinations before medical school 1.45 [0.86–2.43] 0.166 1.13 [0.75–1.71] 0.095
  1. Bold values denote significance at the p < 0.05 level
  2. KEY: GP General Practice, LBR Leave But Return, LP Leave Permanently, RRR Relative Risk Ratio, CI Confidence Interval