Table 1 Characteristics of 55–64 year olds in three birth cohorts (1928–1937, 1938–1947, 1948–1957)

From: Socioeconomic pathways to inequalities in mental and functional health: a comparative study of three birth cohorts

  Men Women
  1928/37-cohort 1938/47-cohort 1948/57-cohort p Value   1928/37-cohort 1938/47-cohort 1948/57-cohort p Value
N M /% (SD) M /% (SD) M /% (SD) t/F test N M /% (SD) M /% (SD) M /% (SD) t/F test
Age 1443 60 (3) 60 (3) 60 (3)   1570 60 (3) 60 (3) 60 (3)  
Functional limitations (%)
 Yes 358 19 26 30 < 0.001 455 18 36 33 < 0.001
Depressive symptoms (%)
 Yes 120 8 9 8 > 0.05 220 10 18 14 < 0.05
 Education (in years) 1443 10 (3) 11 (4) 12 (4) < 0.001 1568 9 (3) 10 (3) 11 (3) < 0.001
Education (%)
 Elementary not completed 245 23 19 10 < 0.001 392 41 24 10 < 0.001
 High 423 20 31 36   256 8 13 27  
Occupational level (%)
 Elementary 68 5 5 5 < 0.001 156 12 11 11 < 0.001
 Low 287 22 21 19   513 48 41 20  
 Medium 568 48 41 33   474 29 32 39  
 High 350 17 27 30   215 8 13 24  
 Scientific 133 8 7 14   52 3 2 6  
Never had a paid job (%)
 Yes 37 3 1 4 < 0.05 160 15 7 9 < 0.05
 Income (€317- €2439) 1443 1247 (458) 1245 (355) 1669 (401) < 0.001 1570 915 (379) 1047 (342) 1536 (398) < 0.001