Table 1 Participant characteristics of U.S. SHD employees in chronic disease prevention units, 2018 survey (N=643)

From: Patterns and correlates of mis-implementation in state chronic disease public health practice in the United States

State characteristics
 Regionsa N (%)
  New England 106 (16.5)
  South 147 (22.9)
  West 104 (16.2)
  Mountains/Midwest 149 (23.2)
  Mid-Atlantic & Great Lakes 137 (21.3)
State Size (population)a
  Small (< 2.1 million) 178 (27.7)
  Medium (2.1–6.1 million) 224 (34.8)
  Large (> 6.1 million) 217 (33.7)
Practitioner characteristics
Gender
  Male 131 (19.8)
  Female 528 (79.8)
  Other gender identity 3 (0.5)
Age
  Under 20 years 5 (< 1)
  20–39 years 213 (33)
  40–59 years 352 (54)
  60+ 90 (13)
Race & Ethnicityb
  White 527 (79.5)
  Black or African American 74 (11.2)
  Asian 37 (5.6)
  Hispanic 27 (4.1)
  American Indian or Alaska Native 14 (2.1)
  Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 6 (0.9)
  Other 14 (2.1)
Any Public Health Educationc 263 (39.7)
Primary Work Area
 Cancer 91 (14.2)
 Cardiovascular 45 (7.0)
 Diabetes 38 (5.9)
 Obesity 80 (12.4)
 Tobacco 68 (10.6)
 Work in multiple areas 172 (26.7)
 Other (e.g. rural health, asthma, school health, etc.) 149 (23.2)
Position
 Program manager or coordinator 326 (50.7)
 Director overseeing multiple programs 90 (14.0)
 Specialists (e.g. epidemiologist, health educator, statistician, etc.) 205 (33.0)
 Other (e.g. Administrative roles) 22 (2.0)
  1. aAs defined by Association of State and Territorial Health Officials [41]
  2. b Could indicate more than one response
  3. c Formal public health degrees include: BSPH, MPH/MSPH, DrPH or PhD in a Public Health field