Table 4 General characteristics and disease-related symptoms in ESRD patients by survival status

From: The risk factors associated with COVID-19-Related death among patients with end‐stage renal disease

Characteristics Survivors
N = 46
Non-Survivors
N = 28
P-value
Age (year), Mean (SD) 59.1 (15.3) 70.1 (12.4) 0.002
Age ≥ 65 years, % (N) 39.1% (18) 75% (21) 0.004
Gender Male, % (N) 60.9% (28) 82.1% (23) 0.072
Receiving invasive mechanical ventilation on admission% (N) 2.2% (1) 71.4% (20) < 0.001
O2 saturation < 93%
% (N)
41.3% (19) 82.1% (23) 0.001
Lack of consciousness 7.7% (4) 30.4% (8) 0.030
Comorbidities    
  HTN 54.3% (25) 57.1% (16) 1.00
  DM 41.3% (19) 57.1% (16) 0.233
  CVD 26.1% (12) 35.7% (10) 0.437
  Other comorbiditiesa 13.0% (6) 7.1% (2) 0.702
Laboratory findings (Median (IQR))
  WBC count, × 109 per L, 9.4 (6.5–14) 9.6 (5.7–13.8) 0.735
  Lymphocyte count,× 109/L 1.80 (1.00-2.50) 1.20 (0.67–2.20) 0.049
  Neutrophils, ×109/L 7.5 (6.9–8.5) 8.5 (7.8-9.0) 0.015
  AST, U/L 29.0 (20.6–39.0) 44.0 (28.5–68.3) 0.042
  ALT, U/L 22.0 (15.5–37.0) 31.2 (23.7–37.0) 0.349
  Creatinine, mg/dl 6.9 (4.8–9.1) 5.5 (4.3–7.6) 0.109
  Hb, g/dL 10.7 (8.6–13.4) 12.3 (10.1–13.8) 0.190
  RBC, million/mm3 3.8 (3.1–4.4) 3.9 (3.2–4.8) 0.919
  MCV, fl. 87.9 (82.5–97.9) 86.6 (83.1–98.7) 1.00
  MCH, pg 29.0 (27.3–31.0) 28.0 (26.8–32.1) 0.756
  Platelet counts, ×103/Ml 181.0 (125.5–248.0) 192.0 (163.5-236.5) 1.00
  LDH, U/L 441.5 (342.5-591.7) 571.0 (410.0 -798.0) 0.695
  ESR, mm/h 54.0(35.0–70.0) 48.0 (24.7–83.0) 0.867
  CRP, mg/l 23.5 (3.0–75.0) 32.6 (15.0–79.0) 0.484
  CPKk, U/L 68.5 (46.5-134.5) 136.0 (45.0-287.7) 0.372
  Urea, 105.0 (92.0-183.0) 106.0 (24.0-157.0) 1.00
  Sodium (Na), mmol/L 135.0 (128.8-137.5) 133.0 (130.0-142.5) 0.804
  Potassium (K), mmol/L 5.1 (4.5–5.4) 4.8 (4.2–5.2) 0.134
  PT, S 14.0 (13.5–16.2) 14.0 (13.5–15.5) 0.804
  1. IQR Inter quartile range, DM Diabetes Mellitus, HTN Hypertension, CVD Cardiovascular Disease, ESRD End-Stage Renal Disease, ALT Alanine transaminases, AST Aspartate transaminases, CRP C-reactive protein, CPK Creatine phosphokinase, ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Hb Hemoglobin, LDH Lactate DeHydrogenase, PT Prothrombin Time, RBC Red Blood Cell, WBC White Blood Cell, MCH Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, MCV Mean Corpuscular Volume
  2. a rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, immunodeficiency, and chronic disease of blood, liver, or respiratory system