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Table 2 Infectious conditions diagnosed in febrile children attending HUCSH, 2018–2019

From: Clinical management and outcomes of acute febrile illness in children attending a tertiary hospital in southern Ethiopia

Infectious conditions diagnosed* Frequency (%) (N = 433)
Acute respiratory infections 274 (63.3)
Tonsillopharyngitis 45 (10.4)
Unspecified URTIs 52 (12.0)
Pneumonia 177 (40.9)
Other LRTIs 7 (1.6)
Acute diarrhoea 82 (18.9)
Meningitis 10 (2.3)
Infective endocarditis 6 (1.4)
Otitis media 5 (1.2)
Sepsis$ 5 (1.2)
Disseminated tuberculosis 4 (0.9)
Tinea capitis/corporis 3 (0.7)
Lymphadenitis 2 (0.5)
Bacterial conjunctivitis 2 (0.5)
Pyomyositis 2 (0.5)
Superinfected haemangioma 2 (0.5)
Malaria 14 (3.2)a
HIV infection 3 (0.7)a
Bacteraemia/candidaemia 27 (6.4)b
Urinary tract infection 74 (18.4)c
Other infectious conditions 5 (1.2)
Undifferentiated fever# 61 (14.1)
  1. URTIs upper respiratory tract infections, LRTIs lower respiratory infections, HIV human immunodeficiency virus
  2. *Diagnoses made based on clinical investigations at initial management unless otherwise specified
  3. Children from whom samples were obtained for blood smear microscopy and HIV testing: a(N = 431); blood culture b(N = 421); urine culture c(N = 402)
  4. Diagnosis made at presentation based on laboratory investigations
  5. Diagnosis made on follow-up based on culture results
  6. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (n = 1), neck abscess (n = 1), mumps (n = 1), appendiceal mass (n = 1), scabies (n = 1)
  7. $Sepsis with bacteraemia (n = 2), sepsis without bacteraemia (n = 1), no adequate blood sample for culture (n = 2)
  8. #Cases with no identified source of infection for the fever on clinical and laboratory investigations conducted