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Table 2 Results of rapid diagnostic tests for PLHIV admitted in the medical wards and screened for TB and CM stratified by the CD4 cell count at KCH, Lilongwe, Malawi, 2016–2017

From: Implementation of tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis rapid diagnostic tests amongst patients with advanced HIV at Kamuzu Central Hospital, Malawi, 2016–2017

Characteristic Total
N (%)
CD4 cell count P-value*
 ≤ 100 cells/mm3
N (%)
101–200 cells/mm3
N (%)
 > 200 cells/mm3
N (%)
Serum CrAg      
 Negative 278 (92.4) 108 (88.5) 52 (91.2) 118 (96.7)  
 Positive 23 (7.6) 14 (11.5) 5 (8.8) 4 (3.3) 0.04
Urine LAM      
 Negative 282 (77.7) 103 (68.2) 55 (80.9) 124 (86.1)  
 Positive 81 (22.3) 48 (31.8) 13 (19.1) 20 (13.9) 0.001
Urine X-pert      
 Negative 278 (95.2) 104 (88.9) 57 (98.3) 117 (100)  
 Positive 14 (4.8) 13 (11.1) 1 (1.7) 0 (0) < 0.001
  1. Among those with CD4 cell count results, 64 did not have CrAg or CrAg results were missing; 2 did not have urine LAM results, and 73 did not have urine X-pert test or urine X-pert results were missing
  2. *Fisher’s exact test