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Table 2 Characteristics of non-Italian patients with COVID-19 by origin

From: Mortality among Italians and immigrants with COVID-19 hospitalised in Milan, Italy: data from the Luigi Sacco Hospital registry

  Latin Americans
n = 99
Asians
n = 72
Africans
n = 50
Central/eastern Europeans
n = 37
p-value
Median age [IQR] 50 [42, 58] 51 [36, 59] 53 [41, 63] 54 [46, 63] 0.128
Biological sex      
 Female, n (%) 37 (37) 17 (24) 13 (26) 19 (51) 0.015
 Male, n (%) 62 (63) 55 (76) 37 (74) 18 (49)  
Co-morbidities      
 Obesitya, n (%) 31 (31) 10 (14) 10 (20) 9 (24) 0.059
 Diabetes, n (%) 11 (11) 9 (12) 8 (16) 4 (11) 0.841
 Lung diseases, n (%) 13 (13) 6 (8) 8 (16) 2 (5) 0.339
 Heart diseases, n (%) 20 (20) 24 (33) 19 (38) 13 (35) 0.074
 Renal diseases, n (%) 8 (8) 9 (12) 3 (6) 2 (5) 0.502
 Oncological diseases,n (%) 8 (8) 5 (7) 2 (4) 2 (5) 0.801
 Immune system diseases, n (%) 10 (10) 1 (1) 4 (8) 4 (11) 0.137
 Liver diseases, n (%) 6 (6) 3 (4) 2 (4) 2 (5) 0.929
Number of co-morbidities      
 0 46 (46) 34 (47) 22 (44) 17 (46) 0.992
 1 26 (26) 19 (26) 14 (28) 9 (24)  
 2 16 (16) 10 (14) 7 (14) 8 (22)  
 3 +  11 (11) 9 (12) 7 (14) 3 (8)  
Median number of days from symptom onset [IQR] 7 [4, 10] 6 [2, 8] 4 [2, 8] 5 [3, 7] 0.015
Disease severity upon hospital admissionb      
 Mild 5 (5) 10 (14) 9 (18) 7 (19) 0.011
 Moderate 39 (39) 33 (46) 27 (54) 14 (38)  
 Severe 30 (30) 8 (11) 7 (14) 9 (24)  
 Critical 25 (25) 21 (29) 7 (14) 7 (19)  
  1. IQR Inter Quartile Range
  2. aObesity defined as a body mass index of 30 [17]
  3. bWHO disease severity classification [18]: mild = mild clinical symptoms, no imaging signs of pneumonia; moderate = fever, cough, dyspnoea or other symptoms, imaging signs of pneumonia; severe = any of respiratory distress with a respiratory rate (RR) of ≥ 30 breaths per minute; resting oxygen saturation in air ≤ 93%; PaO2 / FiO2 ≤ 300 mmHg); critical = any of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation; shock; any other organ failure needing intensive care