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Table 4 Risk factors for having DM among TB patients

From: The prevalence of diabetes among tuberculosis patients in Denmark

Risk factor Crude analysis Multivariable analysis*
  OR [95%CI] p-value OR [95%CI] p-value
Age     
 Age ≤ 40 years 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Age > 40 years 3.5 [2.12; 6.18]  < 0.01 3.49 [2.09; 6.11]  < 0.01
Sex     
 Female 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Male 1.29 [0.84; 2.02] 0.26 1.21 [0.78; 1.91] 0.4
Socio-economic risk factors     
 No alcohol 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Alcohol 0.41 [0.41; 0.42]  < 0.01 0.25 [0.14; 0.42]  < 0.01
 No tobacco 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Tobacco 0.49 [0.23; 0.57]  < 0.01 0.36 [0.23; 0.57]   < 0.01
 No cannabis 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Cannabis 0.21 [0.07; 0.47] < 0.01  0.21 [0.07; 0.47]   < 0.01
 No narcotics 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Narcotics 0.83 [0.36; 1.87]  0.65 0.89 [0.36; 1.87]  0.78
 Not homeless 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Homeless 0.36 [0.12; 0.88]  0.05 0.39 [0.12; 0.96]  0.07
 No prison time 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Prison time  < 0.01 [< 0.01; > 149]  0.9  < 0.01 [< 0.01; > 406]  0.98
Country or region of origin     
 Denmark 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
 Europe 1.68 [0.92; 2.9] 0.07 2.13 [1.13; 3.75] 0.01
 Africa 1.42 [0.79; 2.41]  < 0.01 3.3 [1.7; 5.9]  < 0.01
 Asia 1.08 [ 0.66; 1.71] 0.75 1.8 [1.09; 2.99] 0.02
 Greenland** Not applicable Not applicable
 South America Not applicable Not applicable
 North America Not applicable Not applicable
  1. *Adjusted for age, sex, not including the measured risk factor
  2. **Due to the fact that there were no patients from Greenland with DM the OR = 0.0, and p-value could not be assessed. The same was the case for North and South America