Table 4 Association of HTGW phenotypes with 5-year subclinical atherosclerosis indices while adjusting for each baseline index

From: Association of “hypertriglyceridemic waist” with increased 5-year risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in a multi-ethnic population: a prospective cohort study

  Intima media thicknessa Total areaa Plaque presenceb
β (95% CI) p value β (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Model A
 Non-HTGW Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Elevated WC 0.02 (0.00, 0.03) 0.10 0.05 (− 0.03, 0.12) 0.22 1.34 (0.71, 2.52) 0.36
 Elevated TG 0.02 (− 0.01, 0.05) 0.14 − 0.01 (− 0.11, 0.09) 0.86 0.87 (0.38, 2.00) 0.74
 HTGW 0.02 (− 0.01, 0.04) 0.18 0.08 (0.00, 0.16) 0.06 2.04 (0.91, 4.58) 0.09
Model B
 Non-HTGW Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Elevated WC 0.01 (− 0.01, 0.03) 0.36 0.02 (− 0.07, 0.11) 0.68 1.33 (0.59, 2.99) 0.49
 Elevated TG 0.02 (− 0.01, 0.04) 0.30 − 0.06 (− 0.16, 0.05) 0.30 0.66 (0.26, 1.68) 0.38
 HTGW 0.01 (− 0.02, 0.04) 0.58 0.01 (− 0.10, 0.12) 0.82 1.48 (0.53, 4.11) 0.46
  1. Outcome variables are in ln(x) form; a multiple linear regression; b logistic regression; Model A adjusts for age, maximum education, sex, family history, ethnicity, and income level; Model B adjusts for all variables adjusted for in model A plus: BMI, smoking status, total cholesterol, HDL-C, systolic blood pressure; Elevated waist circumference (WC) was ≥ 85 cm in women and ≥ 90 cm in men; Elevated triglycerides (TG) were ≥ 1.5 mmol/L in women and ≥ 2 mmol/L in men; HTGW is the presence of both elevated WC and TG; BMI body mass index, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HTGW hypertriglyceridemic waist, WC waist circumference, TG triglycerides