Mild hypothermia was protective in a physiological model of ventilator-induced lung injury by reducing inflammation but not by reducing the respiratory rate
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KeywordsPublic Health Animal Model Respiratory Rate Emergency Medicine Lung Injury
In animal models of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), mild hypothermia was found to be protective by reducing pulmonary inflammation and possibly by reducing mechanical strain by applying lower respiratory rates. However, models are hampered by severe alkalosis or an ex vivo design. In a physiological model of VILI, we investigated whether hypothermia protects from VILI by reducing respiratory rates, or by reducing inflammation.
In rats, VILI was induced using a peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) of 23 cmH2O and zero PEEP. Controls were ventilated with a PIP of 12 cmH2O and PEEP of 5 cmH2O. Hypothermia (32ºC) was induced by external cooling, controls were maintained at 37ºC. Normo-pH (7.3 to 7.4) or strict normocapnia (4.5 to 5.0 kPa) was achieved by adjusting the respiratory rate according to blood gases drawn every 30 minutes. After 4 hours of ventilation, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was done. Statistics include Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests.
Hypothermia was protective in a physiological model of VILI, by reduction of inflammation, but not by reducing the repetitive strain of respiratory cycles.