Advertisement

Critical Care

, 11:P4 | Cite as

The modified light chain of inter-alpha inhibitor/antibody fusion protein, MR1007, improves survival in the rabbit sepsis models

  • Masaki Nakamura
  • Takashi Takeuchi
  • Yukiko Yatagai
  • Katsuki Naito
  • Kamon Shirakawa
  • Yoshitaka Hosaka
  • Shoji Furusako
Poster presentation
  • 1.9k Downloads

Keywords

Light Chain Serine Protease Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell Antithrombin Thrombin Generation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Background

Inter-alpha inhibitor is an endogenous serine protease inhibitor and is markedly reduced in severe sepsis. Therapeutic inter-alpha inhibitor replacement showed a survival advantage in several animal models. The light chain is responsible for the serine protease inhibitory activity of inter-alpha inhibitor. Since pro-coagulant and proinflammatory proteases as well as innate immune cells are activated in sepsis, we genetically engineered a novel fusion protein, MR1007, which consists of the modified light chain of inter-alpha inhibitor and the anti-CD14 antibody, and evaluated the potential of MR1007 as an anti-sepsis agent.

Methods

Inhibitory activity against serine proteases was assayed using purified enzymes and chromogenic substrates. Anticoagulant activity was measured using human or rabbit plasma. The inhibitory effect on endothelial cell injury was assessed using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Binding to CD14 and leukocytes was analysed using Biacore or radiolabeling. The survival benefit was evaluated in the endotoxin shock model and the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model.

Results

MR1007 inhibited the thromboplastin-induced thrombin generation by inhibiting activities of coagulation factors Xa and XIa at 10–100 μg/ml. It also prevented the contact pathway generation of bradykinin at 10–30 μg/ml. Additionally, it inhibited the leukocyte elastase-induced endothelial cell injury at 10–100 μg/ml. MR1007 had a high affinity for CD14 and bound to leukocytes, but did not block lipopolysaccharide binding to CD14. In the rabbit endotoxin shock model, MR1007 (3 mg/kg, i.v.) even when given 8 hours after the injection of endotoxin improved the survival (n = 12, P < 0.05), whereas both antithrombin and prednisolone exhibited less efficacy. Moreover, MR1007 (10 mg/kg, i.v.) given at 2 hours post-CLP improved the survival (n = 9, P < 0.05) in the CLP model.

Conclusion

These results suggest that the modified light chain of inter-alpha inhibitor fusion protein, MR1007, can effectively suppress not only the serine protease-mediated coagulation, but also leukocyte-induced inflammation, so that MR1007 may become a promising anti-sepsis agent.

Copyright information

© BioMed Central Ltd 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaki Nakamura
    • 1
  • Takashi Takeuchi
    • 1
  • Yukiko Yatagai
    • 1
  • Katsuki Naito
    • 1
  • Kamon Shirakawa
    • 1
  • Yoshitaka Hosaka
    • 1
  • Shoji Furusako
    • 1
  1. 1.Discovery ResearchMochida Pharmaceutical Co LtdGotembaJapan

Personalised recommendations