PB.38: In the context of overdiagnosis, does size matter?
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KeywordsCarcinoma Cancer Research Retrospective Review Invasive Cancer Invasive Carcinoma
The Marmot Review showed that although breast screening saves lives, it is harmful through overdiagnosis - treating cancers that would not otherwise have ever become clinically apparent. Currently, there is no size threshold for recalling screening patients with calcifications. Our aim was to assess whether a minimum size threshold would reduce overdiagnosis.
We conducted a retrospective review of 375 screening patients with microcalcifications over 24 months. We assessed all patients with pure calcifications ≤10 mm documenting core biopsy, final histology and treatment.
Sixty-one cases of microcalcifications ≤10 mm: eight benign, 40 in situ cancers and 13 invasive cancers. This group was subcategorised into calcifications: 0 ≤5 mm (24 patients) and 5 ≤10 mm (37 patients). In the 0 ≤5 mm group, there were 16 in situ (low-grade, one; intermediate grade, seven; high grade, eight) and two invasive cancers (G2 ductals ER/PR+Her2- node-negative). In the 5 ≤10 mm group, there were 24 in situ (low-grade, three; intermediate grade, 12; high grade, nine) and 11 invasive cancers (four G1ER+Her2- node-negative, six G2ER+Her2-, one triple-negative). One of these six cases was node-positive (micrometastasis) and one G3ERPR+Her2- node-negative. All underwent wide local excision, and all but one patient with invasive carcinoma received radiotherapy.
Recalling focal clusters of microcalcifications (<10 mm) identified a high rate of cancers: 66% (40/61) in situ and 21% (13/61) invasive. With regards to overdiagnosis: 51% (27/53) of cancers were low/intermediate-grade DCIS or G1 invasive and 49% (26/53) were high-grade DCIS or invasive G2/3. Therefore size is not a key factor in reducing overdiagnosis.
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