Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 51, Issue 7–8, pp 751–761 | Cite as

The gradient wind in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere

Open Access


HRDI zonally averaged daytime temperatures are used to compute the gradient wind in the 65–105 km range. Results are compared with independently measured HRDI zonal mean zonal winds. The gradient wind captures the essential features of the observed wind field in the summertime midlatitudes, including the stratospheric easterly (westward) jet and the reversal to westerly (eastward) winds in the lower thermosphere. The consistency between HRDI and gradient winds diminishes at tropical latitudes, due to substantial tidal contamination of daytime temperatures used to compute the gradient wind.


Zonal Wind Vertical Wind Shear Geostrophic Wind Diurnal Tide Lower Thermosphere 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colorado Research AssociatesBoulderUSA

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