Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 59, Issue 5, pp 463–471 | Cite as

Milestones of the IAGA International Service of Rapid Magnetic Variations and its contribution to geomagnetic field knowledge

  • J. J. Curto
  • J. O. Cardús
  • L. F. Alberca
  • E. Blanch
Open Access
Research News


The Service of Rapid Magnetic Variations (RMV) was created by the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) with the aim of obtaining an overall view of the temporal and spatial distribution of RMV as a base for further study of these phenomena. The Ebro Observatory participated in the creation of this service and has been administering it from the beginning; consequently, the histories of these two organizations are intertwined.


Magnetic Storm Rapid Magnetic Variation Magnetic Disturbance Sudden Commencement Terrestrial Magnetism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Akasofu, S. I. and S. Chapman, The sudden commencements of geomagnetic storms, Urania, 44, 321–358, 1959.Google Scholar
  2. Araki, T., A physical model of the geomagnetic sudden commencement, Geophys. Monogr., 81, 183–200, 1994.Google Scholar
  3. Bauer, L. A. (Editor), Transactions of Rome Assembly, May, 1922. Section of Terrestrial Magnetism and Electricity, Bull., 3, 170, 1923.Google Scholar
  4. Bauer, L. A. and W. J. Peters, Regarding abruptly-beginning magnetic disturbances, Terr. Magnet. Atmos. Electric., 30, 45–68, 1925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chapman, S., On the Times of Sudden Commencements of Magnetic Storms, Proc. Phys. Soc. London, 30, 205–214, 1917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cirera, R., Noticia del Observatorio y de algunas noticias del eclipse, Memoria del Observatorio del Ebro no. 1, 1906.Google Scholar
  7. Coulomb, J., Les théories des pulsations, Urania, 44, 163–183, 1959.Google Scholar
  8. Curto, J. J., J. O. Cardús, J. M. Torta, C. Mazaudier, and M. Menvielle, 30 años de Sfe en el Observatorio del Ebro, Rev. Geofís., 48, 141–151, 1992.Google Scholar
  9. Curto, J. J., C. Amory-Mazaudier, J. M. Torta, and M. Menvielle, Solar flare effects at Ebre: Regular and reversed solar flare effects, statistical analysis (1953 to 1985), a global case study and a model of elliptical ionospheric currents, J. Geophys Res., 99, 3945–3954, 1994a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Curto, J. J., C. Amory-Mazaudier, J. M. Torta, and M. Menvielle, Solar flare effects at Ebre: Unidimensional Physical integrated model, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 23289–23296, 1994b.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Voogt, A. H., Enregistrement direct des vecteurs de courant tellurique, Urania, 44, 263–270, 1959.Google Scholar
  12. Joselyn, J. A., The automatic detection of geomagnetic-storm sudden commencements, Adv. Space Res., 5, 193–197, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Joselyn, J. A. and B. T. Tsurutani, Gemagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements. A note on terminology, EOS, 1808, 1990.Google Scholar
  14. Khabarova, O., V. Pilpenko, M. J. Engebretson, and E. Rudenchik, Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Features Before Magnetic Storm Onset, Proc. Int. Substorms, 8, 1–6, 2006.Google Scholar
  15. Mathias, E., Traité d’Électricité Atmosphérique et Tellurique, pp. 19–20, Mathias E. ed., Paris, 1924.Google Scholar
  16. Mayaud, P. N., A hundred years series of Geomagnetic data 1868–1967: Indices aa and storm sudden commencements, IAGA Bull., 33, 1973.Google Scholar
  17. Mayaud, P. N. and Romañá, A., Supplementary Geomagnetic Data 1957–1975: Indices Kn, Ks and Km, 1959–1963, Indices aa, 1968–1975, New list of ssc’s 1968–1975, Yearly diagrams of activity 1957–1975, IAGA Bull., 39, 1977.Google Scholar
  18. Rodés, L., On the non-simultaneity of magnetic storms, Terr. Magnet. Atmos. Electric., 27, 161–166, 1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rodés, L., Yearly and daily period on the frequency of sudden commencements of magnetic storms. C R Assemb Lisbonne. 279–282. U.G.G.I. Association of Terrestrial Magnetism and Electricity, Bull., 9, 1934.Google Scholar
  20. Rodés, L., Report to the President of the Committee on Sudden Commencements. Transactions of Edinburg Meeting. 177–179. U.G.G.I. Association of Terrestrial Magnetism and Electricity, Bull., 10, 1937.Google Scholar
  21. Romañá, A., Sur le caractère général de la loi de classification des baies géomagnétiques pour les latitudes moyennes. Transactions of Brussels Meeting, IATME Bull., 14 (Summary), 1954.Google Scholar
  22. Romañá, A., “Report General” with the Provisional Atlas of Rapid Variations, Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 2B, 668–709, 1959.Google Scholar
  23. Silsbee, H. B. and E. M. Vestine, Geomagnetic bays, their frequency and current systems, Terr. Magnet. Atmos. Electric., 47, 197–208, 1942.Google Scholar
  24. Tanakadate, A., Report of the Committee on Investigation on Sudden Commencements of Magnetic Storms. Comptes Rendus de l’Assemblée de Prague, UGGI Bull., 7, 56–57, 1927.Google Scholar
  25. Transactions of Madrid Assembly, October 1924, Section of Terrestrial Magnetism and Electricity, Bull., 5, Baltimore, Maryland 1925.Google Scholar
  26. Transactions of Oslo Meeting. August 19–28, IATME Bull., 13, pg 538, Washington D.C. 1950, 1948.Google Scholar
  27. Transactions of the Rome Meeting. September 14–25, IAGA Bull., 15, Copenhagen 1957, 1954.Google Scholar
  28. Transactions of the Toronto Meeting, September 3–14, IAGA Bull., 16, 329–338, 343–347, Copenhagen 1960, 1957.Google Scholar
  29. Veldkamp, J. and D. Van Sabeen, On the current system of solar flare effects, Urania, 44, 362–374, 1959.Google Scholar
  30. Virgós, J. and J. O. Cardús, Velocidad de rotación del vector bahía, Urania, 279–289, 97-112, 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Curto
    • 1
  • J. O. Cardús
    • 1
  • L. F. Alberca
    • 1
  • E. Blanch
    • 1
  1. 1.Ebro Observatory, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)Universitat Ramon LlullRoquetesSpain

Personalised recommendations