Advertisement

Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 56, Issue 11, pp 1041–1047 | Cite as

VLBI observation of narrow bandwidth signals from the spacecraft

  • Fuyuhiko Kikuchi
  • Yusuke Kono
  • Makoto Yoshikawa
  • Mamoru Sekido
  • Masafumi Ohnishi
  • Yasuhiro Murata
  • Jinsong Ping
  • Qinghui Liu
  • Koji Matsumoto
  • Kazuyoshi Asari
  • Seiitsu Tsuruta
  • Hideo Hanada
  • Nobuyuki Kawano
Open Access
Article

Abstract

We carried out a series of VLBI observations of Nozomi by using a dedicated narrow bandwidth VLBI system. The three carrier waves with frequency interval of 515 kHz were recorded in 3 channels of the system and correlated by a software method. As a result of the correlation, the residual fringe phases of the main carrier wave are obtained for every 1.3 seconds. We can also continuously track them for 100 minutes. The variation of the residual fringe phase is +/− 150 degrees. Moreover, we can derive succesively the group delay for every 100 seconds by using these three carrier waves. The RMS of the group delays is 13 nsec and its average is well accorded with the delay determined by the range and Doppler measurements within an error of 2 nsec. Consequently, we confirmed the validity of the narrow bandwidth VLBI system, and it could be expected that this system, in addition to range and Doppler measurements, can be applied to three-dimensional tracking of a spacecraft and the precise gravity measurement of the Moon and the planets.

Key words

VLBI spacecraft narrow bandwidth group delay SELENE 

References

  1. Antreasian, P. G., D. T. Baird, J. S. Border, P. D. Burkhart, E. J. Graat, M. K. Jah, R. A. Mase, T. P. McElrath, and B. M. Portock, 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbit Determination During Interplanetary Cruise, AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit, AIAA-2002-4531, Aug. 5–8, 2002.Google Scholar
  2. Border, J. S., W. M. Folkner, R. D. Kahn, and K. S. Zukor, Precise Tracking of the Magellan and Pioneer Venus Orbiters by Same-Beam Interfer-ometry, Part 1: Data Accuracy Analysis, TDA progress report, 42–110, Aug. 15, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. Bratt, S. R., S. C. Solomon, J. W. Head, and C. H. Thurber, The deep structure of lunar basin: Implications for basin formation and modification, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 3049–3064, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Davis, J. L., T. A. Herring, I. I. Shapiro, A. E. E. Rogers, and G. Elgered, Geodesy by radio interferometry: Effects of atmospheric modeling errors on estimates of baseline length, Radio Sci., 20, 1593–1607, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hanada, H., T. Iwata, Y. Kono, and K. Matsumoto, VRAD Mission: Precise Observation of Orbits of Sub-satellites in SELENE, IVS 2002 General Meeting Proceedings, 73–76, 2002.Google Scholar
  6. Kondo, T., Y. Koyama, J. Nakajima, M. Sekido, R. Ichikawa, E. Kawai, H. Okubo, H. Osaki, M. Kimura, Y. Ichikawa, and GALAXY team, Real-time Gigabit VLBI System and Internet VLBI System, IVS 2002 General Meeting Proceedings, 142–146, 2002.Google Scholar
  7. Kono, Y, H. Hanada, J. S. Ping, Y. Koyama, Y Fukuzaki, and N. Kawano, Precise positioning of spacecrafts by multi-frequency VLBI, Earth Planets Space, 55, 581–589, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Konopliv, A. S., S. W. Asmer, E. Carranza, W. L. Sjogren, and D. N. Yuan, Recent gravity models as a result of the Lunar Prospector Mission, Icarus, 150, 1–8, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Matsumoto, K., K. Heki, and H. Hanada, Global Lunar Gravity Field Recovery from SELENE, IVS 2002 General Meeting Proceedings, 381–385, 2002.Google Scholar
  10. McCarthy, D. D., IERS Conventions 2003, in IERS Technical Note 32, to be published.Google Scholar
  11. Namiki, N., H. Hanada, T. Tsubokawa, N. Kawano, M. Ooe, K. Heki, T. Iwata, M. Ogawa, and T. Takano, Selenodetic experiments of SELENE: Relay satellite, differential VLBI, and laser altimater, Adv. Space Res., 23, 1817–1820, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ping, J. S., Y. Kono, K. Matsumoto, Y. Otsuka, A. Saito, C. Shum, K. Heki, and N. Kawano, Regional ionosphere map over Japanese Islands, Earth Planets Space, 54, e13–e16, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sagdeyev, R. Z., V. V. Kerzhanovitch, L. R. Kogan, V. I. Kostenko, V. M. Linkin, L. I. Matveyenko, R. R. Nazirov, S. V. Pogrebenko, I. A. Struckov, R. A. Preston, J. Purcel, C. E. Hildebrand, V. A. Grishmanovskiy, A. N. Kozlov, E. P. Molotov, J. E. Blamont, L. Boloh, G. Laurans, P. Kaufmann, J. Galt, F. Biraud, A. Boischot, A. Ortega-Molina, C. Rosolen, G. Petit, P. G. Mezger, R. Schwartz, B. O. Ronnang, R. E. Spencer, G. Nicolson, A. E. E. Rogers, M. H. Cohen, R. M. Martiroysan, I. G. Moiseyev, and J. S. Jatskiv, Differential VLBI measurements of the Venus atmosphere dynamics by balloons: VEGA project, Astron. and Astrophys., 254, 387–392, 1992.Google Scholar
  14. Thornton, C. L. and J. S. Border, Radiometric Tracking Techniques for Deep Space Navigation, JPL Deep Space Communication and Navigation Series, edited by J. H. Yuen, 85 pp, Wiley and Sons Inc., US, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Yoshikawa, M., M. Sekido, N. Kawaguchi, K. Fujisawa, H. Hanada, Y. Kono, H. Hirabayashi, Y. Murata, S. Sawadasatoh, K. Wajima, Y. Asaki, J. Kawaguchi, H. Yamakawa, T. Kato, T. Ichikawa, and T. Ohnishi, Present status and future problems of the orbit determination for Nozomi spacecraft, IVS CRL Technology Development Center News, No. 19, 37–40, 2001.Google Scholar
  16. Zuber, M. T., D. E. Smith, F. G. Lemoine, and G. A. Neumann, The shape and internal structure of the Moon from Clementine Mission, Science, 266, 1839–1843, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuyuhiko Kikuchi
    • 1
  • Yusuke Kono
    • 2
  • Makoto Yoshikawa
    • 3
  • Mamoru Sekido
    • 4
  • Masafumi Ohnishi
    • 5
  • Yasuhiro Murata
    • 3
  • Jinsong Ping
    • 6
  • Qinghui Liu
    • 6
  • Koji Matsumoto
    • 6
  • Kazuyoshi Asari
    • 6
  • Seiitsu Tsuruta
    • 6
  • Hideo Hanada
    • 2
  • Nobuyuki Kawano
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Astronomical ScienceGraduate University for Advanced StudiesMizusawa, IwateJapan
  2. 2.Division of Radio AstronomyNational Astronomical ObservatoryMitaka, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceJapan Aerospace Exploration AgencySagamihara, KanagawaJapan
  4. 4.Kashima Space Reserch CenterNational Institute of Information and Communications TechnologyKashima, IbarakiJapan
  5. 5.Fujitsu LimitedChibaJapan
  6. 6.Division of Radio AstronomyNational Astronomical ObservatoryMizusawa, IwateJapan

Personalised recommendations