Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 52, Issue 10, pp 837–840 | Cite as

Real-time deformation monitoring with GPS and Kalman Filter

  • Cankut D. Ince
  • Muhammed Sahin
Open Access


The main purpose of this research is to develop a real-time GPS monitoring system with the aid of a Kalman Filter for use in an active tectonic region near Istanbul, and its surrounding region. Currently, an ongoing project exists, funded by the World Bank, that monitors deformation in Istanbul and the Marmara Region. Istanbul is one of the largest cities in the world, and is under possible earthquake threat. In order to set up a powerful control system, a surveying and estimation method was designed and the necessary software, called RT-MODS2 (Real-Time Monitoring Of Dynamic Systems 2), was developed. The software reads real-time input data from GPS receivers and performs deformation analyses with the help of the Kalman Filter. Some studies of filtering and deformation analysis were performed in order to detect failures and outliers, and to increase the reliability of the deformation analysis.


Kalman Filter Deformation Analysis Marmara Region NMEA Powerful Control System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cankut D. Ince
    • 1
  • Muhammed Sahin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geodesy and PhotogrammetryIstanbul Technical University, Faculty of Civil EngineeringIstanbulTurkey

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