P070: Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing Acinetobacter baumannii in Kuwait
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KeywordsCephalosporin Carbapenems Acinetobacter Baumannii Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing Extended Spectrum
Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic pathogens causing serious complications. In Kuwait in recent years the prevalence of resistance to antibiotics has raised serious concern especially in the intensive care units. Resistance to carbapenems is mainly caused by the OXA type enzymes; however resistance to cephalosporins are caused by chromosomal AmpC or by extended spectrum beta-lactamases, such as PER.
In this study we investigated the epidemiology of the extended spectrum beta-lactamase PER-like enzymes among the clinical A. baumannii recovered in a secondary hospital in Kuwait.
One hundred and ten non-duplicate A. baumannii isolates were collected from July 2011 to August 2012. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Vitek2 and examined according to the CLSI guidelines. gyrB multiplex PCR was performed to identify A. baumannii species. PCR was used to amplify bla (OXA-types) carbapenemases, insertion elements, bla(NDM), bla(PER), bla(GES), bla(VIM) and bla(IMP). PCR products were sequenced and analyzed. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to genotype the isolates.
bla(OXA-23) was identified in 28 A.baumannii isolates, bla(OXA-24) in 6, GES-type in 1 and PER-like in 6 isolates. PFGE analysis revealed the strains containing the PER-7 like enzyme which contained OXA-23 belonged to two different PFGE types. Two point mutations on the Ω-loop of the PER-7 protein were detected which can be significant in increasing resistance to cephalosporins.
We have identified the presence of PER-7 like enzyme in different genotypes of A.baumannii. The PER-like genes are located on multi-resistance plasmids and are considered as extended spectrum beta-lactamases causing increased resistance to cephalosporin antibiotics. In Kuwait cephalosporins are generally used to treat A.baumannii infections; therefore it is important to monitor and to control the spread of horizontal transfer by administering the correct antibiotic and preventing their spread among hospitalized patients.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.