PD26 - Acute allergic reactions in children following a cow&#x2019;s milk exclusion diet for intolerance symptoms such as gastro-oesophageal reflux
- 292 Downloads
KeywordsAtopic Eczema Allergic Symptom Food Challenge Formal Food Allergy Testing
Clear guidelines have been published by ESPGHAN  and RCPCH  concerning the diagnostic approach and management of Cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infants and children. Immune reactions may be IgE mediated, non IgE mediated or mixed and present either with acute allergic reactions or delayed manifesting as eczema “flare ups”, or often non-specific gastrointestinal manifestations such as Gastro-oesophageal Reflux (GORD).
We have observed 5 infants (over 18 months) where there has been emergence of IgE mediated allergic symptoms on reintroduction of cow’s milk following an exclusion diet for intolerance symptoms such as GORD. All infants had been sensitized to cow’s milk, and had been able to tolerate it without immediate hypersensitivity prior to the exclusion diet. Not all had allergy testing prior to challenge.
This has not been described in the literature following exclusion for GORD, but there have been reports of acute allergic reaction following exclusion diet in the management of severe eczema. Flinterman el al.  describe a study where children who had been previously sensitized to cow’s milk had this excluded as part of management of Atopic Eczema Dermatitis Syndrome. On re-introduction of CMP often after several years, the children all had acute allergic reactions. This occurred following accidental exposure and during formal food challenge. The children had been able to tolerate CMP without acute reaction prior to exclusion.
This finding has led us to consider changing our practice. We will now perform allergy testing of all children (SPT +/-RAST) who have been following an exclusion diet for intolerance symptoms before proceeding to formal milk challenge. This is because of the chance of developing acute allergic reactions. Parents should be counselled of this risk.
- 1.Koletzko S, et al: Diagnostic Approach and Management of Cow’s-Milk Protein Allergy in Infants and Children: ESPGHAN GI Committee Practical Guidelines. JPGN. 2012, 55 (2):Google Scholar
- 2.Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health: Allergy Care Pathways for Children: Food Allergy. 2011Google Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.