EPMA Journal

, 5:A132 | Cite as

Perspectives of epidemiological control of the MRSA subpopulations in hospital patients with sepsis via molecular detection, genetic analysis and following typing of methicilin resistance-carrying mobile genetic elements SCCmec in Ukraine

  • Olena V Moshynets
  • Svitlana U Rymar
  • Olga B Liutko
  • Nadiia M Oserjanskaja
  • Gennadii B Kolov
  • Nadiia P Kisyl
  • Rostyslav V Bubnov
  • Maria Boretska
  • Dmytro M Irodov
Open Access
Meeting abstract
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Keywords

Vancomycin Rapid Diagnostic Test Rapid Screening Mobile Genetic Element Methicillin Resistant 

Background

Sepsis and its after-effects are currently significant problems in hospital medicine. Successful treatment depends on the early detection of the etiological agent of the sepsis and of any antibiotic resistances. Bacteria that belong to Staphylococcus spp. are the most important Gram-positive causative agents of sepsis and are responsible for ~ 50% of sepsis and pyoinflammatory diseases in Ukraine. Up to 70% of Ukrainian staphylococci are also methicillin resistant which is determined by the genetic cassette SCCmec encoding the mecA β-lactam resistance gene. Besides mecA, some types of SCCmec s can also carry different genes of resistances to antibiotics like vancomycin etc. Until now nine types of SCCmec have been discovered based on the genetic construction, described and epidemiologically traced worldwide. It is now clear that new SCCmec s with enhanced antibiotic resistance characteristics are naturally appearing due to anthropogenic activities. Ukraine being geographically on a crossroads between Asia and Europe, having a big borderline with four countries-member of the EU and three non-EU European countries and exploiting a medical system where any antibiotic is easy to get without a doctor prescription can have a really dramatic impact on the SCCmec evolution in Europe. For this reason, a rapid screening assay with the following analysis of the SCCmec s is very much needed for the early identification of new SCCmec s in Ukraine and prediction of new epidemiological waves in Europe.

The aim

was to elaborate a PCR rapid diagnostic test to reveal SCCmec in Ukrainian staphylococci.

Materials and methods

Four PCR-based assays [1, 2, 3, 4] for methicillin-resistance identification were tested using forty Staphylococcus spp. isolates obtained from patients of the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics of the NAMS of Ukraine.

Results

A new “in house” multiplex PCR test based on [3] for the direct simultaneous identification of SCCmec was developed and implemented.

Conclusions

A rapid PCR-based test for β-lactam resistance identification is now available in Ukraine. A collection of Ukrainian MRSA from different regions with PCR-determined presence of SCCmec has been now created and constantly supplemented.

Outlook and expert recommendations

We recommend to organize project based on direct bacteria identification using SCCmec for implementation rapid screening in Ukraine. The epidemiological monitoring of Ukrainian SCCmec s with the detailed analysis of new SCCmec variants may impact prediction of new epidemiological waves in Europe.

References

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    Strommenger et al: J Clin. Microbiol. 2003, 41 (9): 4089-4094. 10.1128/JCM.41.9.4089-4094.2003.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Huletsky et al: J. Clin. Microbiol. 2004, 42 (5): 1875-1884. 10.1128/JCM.42.5.1875-1884.2004.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Cuny , Witte et al: Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2005, 11 (10): 834-837. 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01236.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Moshynets et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olena V Moshynets
    • 1
  • Svitlana U Rymar
    • 1
  • Olga B Liutko
    • 2
  • Nadiia M Oserjanskaja
    • 2
  • Gennadii B Kolov
    • 2
  • Nadiia P Kisyl
    • 3
  • Rostyslav V Bubnov
    • 4
  • Maria Boretska
    • 4
  • Dmytro M Irodov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of NAS of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics of the NAMS of UkraineKyivUkraine
  3. 3.National Children Specialized Hospital “OCHMATDYT”KyivUkraine
  4. 4.Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology of NAS of UkraineKyivUkraine

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