Development of target focused library against drug target of P. falciparumusing SVM and Molecular docking
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KeywordsSupport Vector Machine Radial Basis Function Dock Molecular Docking Antimalarial Drug
PfHslV, a homolog of β subunit of 20S proteasome forms the proteolytic core of the PfHslUV machinery in P. falciparum [1, 2]. PfHslV has no homolog in the human host and it is a promising drug target essential to the plasmodial metabolism. The use of single proteasome inhibitor targeting these threonine proteases has a potential to be antimalarial drug candidate. One of our recent studies identified several promising inhibitors against 20S β5 subunit of P. falciparum . The present study adopts a similar knowledge based virtual screening strategy using Support Vector Machines (SVM) and molecular docking to build a focused library of potential PfHslV inhibitors. SVM model has been trained using 170 molecular descriptors of 64 inhibitors and 208 putative non-inhibitors. The non-linear classifier based on Radial Basis Function (RBF) kernel yielded classification accuracy of 97%. The SVM model rapidly predicted inhibitors from NCI library and were subsequently docked in to the active site of an optimised three-dimensional model of PfHslV. The novel drug-like PfHslV inhibitors with very good binding affinity and novel scaffold can be a good starting point to develop new antimalarial drugs.
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