Subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum (pneumoscrotum) due to traumatic pneumothorax: a case report
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Subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum due to traumatic pneumothorax is a rare medical situation and only a few cases are reported in the literature.
We present the case of a 22 year old man who was admitted to the emergency department after a motorcycle accident having a painless crepitant scrotum and chest excoriations. Further evaluation revealed subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum caused by left pneumothorax.
In conclusion, subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum (or pneumoscrotum) due to traumatic pneumothorax is not an urgent condition and assessment should be supportive with intervention directed at the etiology, e.g. the pneumothorax.
KeywordsPneumothorax Subcutaneous Emphysema Inguinal Canal Chest Drain Tube Motorcycle Accident
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation.
Subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum (or pneumoscrotum) is a rare condition and receives little or no discussion in standard texts of urology. This paper presents a case of pneumoscrotum due to traumatic pneumothorax and discusses its clinical course, findings and treatment strategy with a review of the relevant literature.
Rapture of the alveoli and expansion of the air through the mediastinum in the subcutaneous area .
Expansion of the emphysema along the Scarpa's Fascia .
In the case described above, spread of the subcutaneous emphysema towards scrotum is the most "desirable" potential, given the fact that if this expansion was towards neck it could obstruct the upper airways and lead to suffocation.
We can support that subcutaneous emphysema of the scrotum due to traumatic pneumothorax (blunt trauma), despite its impressive clinical presentation, is not really an urgent situation and assessment should be supportive with intervention directed at the etiology, that is the pneumothorax .
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor-in Chief of this journal.
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