Prevalence of syphilis diagnosed in female inmates of city Ponta Porã
KeywordsSyphilis Institutional Factor Data Capture Electronic Data Global Control
Syphilis is a growing public health problem in several countries. The infection is systemic, usually involving mucocutaneous ulcers and rashes in the early phases, and a range of serious complications including cardiovascular and neurological disease in later phases [1, 2]. Global control of syphilis is hampered by slow and insensitive diagnostic methods, particularly for risk population like prison inmates [3, 4]. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and socio-demographic, behavioral and institutional factors associated with Treponema pallidum infection in prison women in Ponta Porã city, Mato Grosso do Sul.
The study was conducted from January to September 2013 and the sample size was calculated based on the prevalence of syphilis in Brazil. The sample was randomly selected and included 74 female inmates in Ponta Porã. To determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum infection, blood samples were collected for serological tests using a treponemal test named enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a non-treponemal test e venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL). Each test was performed in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations. Socio-demographic and clinical information, as well as variables related to transmission were collected in a standard questionnaire. Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) is being carried out to store data. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Brazil.
During the study, 11 cases of Treponema pallidum infection were identified, which represents a prevalence of 14.8 %. The serology analyses showed that the prevalence was higher than other studies, where the prevalence ranged from 0.5% and 7.5% . The risk factors are still being evaluated by REDCap. Different studies have shown an increased vulnerability of the incarcerated population to syphilis, associated to other factors like high-risk sexual behavior. The quality of incarcerated women's life could be improved by routine infection diagnosis, the implantation of a screening program for the health problems and systematic education.
This work was supported by the PROEXT 2013 (MEC/SESu) and Foundation Support the Development of Education, Science and Technology of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul (FUNDECT, 04/2013).
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.