Purification of endoglucanase produced by Penicillium citrinum isolated from Amazon
KeywordsCellulase Sodium Citrate Sodium Citrate Buffer Cellulase Producer Cellulolytic Enzyme
The cellulolytic enzyme complex has many important biotechnological applications such as beverage, textile, food, paper and cellulose industries, as well as in degradation of lignocellulosic for ethanol biofuel production . According to the enzymatic activity, cellulolytic complex is subdivided in three classes: endoglucanases, exoglucanases and β-D-glycosidases.
Endoglucanases (endo-β-1,4-glucanase, EC 220.127.116.11) are responsible to initiate cleavage, hydrolyzing randomly internal regions from the amorphous cellulose fiber structures, releasing oligosaccharides from different grades of polymerization. These will be hydrolyzed by exoglucanases releasing cellobiose followed by β-D-glycosidades being hydrolyzed to glucose .
Penicillium citrinum has worldwide occurrence. Commonly in the soil, this specie is described as good xylanase and cellulase producer [2, 3]. This work describes liquid chromatography to separate endoglucanases of Penicillium citrinum supernatant from submerse fermentation process.
Suspension of 1 mL P. citrinum spores (6.4 × 106) was inoculated in 200 mL submerse fermentation medium  containing CMC as carbon source for 10 days/28°C/150 rpm. Every 24 hours was sampled 6 mL aliquots, centrifuged and right after the supernatant storage at 4°C. A pool was made of collected points from 72 to 240 hours. It was concentrated in SpeedVac (Thermo) for final volume of 1.5 mL, filtrate (0.45 µm) and injected in chromatograph column Superdex 75 10/300 GL (GE Healthcare) previously equilibrated with sodium citrate buffer at 50 mM pH 4.8. Fractions of 1.5 mL was collected in a flux of 0.6 mL/min in 1.5 column volumes (CV) using Akta Purifier (GE Healthcare). Fractions were analyzed by CMCase activity , protein dosage with BCA kit (Thermo Scientific) and SDS-PAGE 12%.
Results and conclusions
It was observed a elution profile with three peaks from purification of 12 mL (pool) from culture supernatant, corresponding to the fractions 7, 8, 11 and 16, containing 60, 60, 250 and 30 µg/mL of proteins, respectively. By analysis in SDS-PAGE a band with 33 kDa in fractions 7 and 8 was detected, matching for endoglucanases of genera Penicillium, which can vary from 26 to 50 kDa. Only fraction 7 and 8 had CMCase activity (0.4 and 0.3 U/mL, respectively), in which 1 unit is the necessary quantity to release 1 µmol/min of hydrolyzed product. The specific activity CMCase was 6.6 and 4.4 U/mg for 7 and 8 fractions, respectively. Chromatographic profile obtained for each induction time (72 to 240 hours) was comparable to the obtained for the pool, being the analysis referring to the protein content and enzymatic activity in progress.
Biotech Amazonia LTDA-ME, FAPEAM, CNPq and CAPES.
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