A new RSC brace design to treat single long thoracic scoliosis. Comparison of the in-brace correction in two groups treated with the new and the classical models
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KeywordsPublic Health Case Control Study Axial Rotation Classical Model Case Control
Purpose of the study
The purpose of this study was to compare two different scoliosis brace designs in the treatment of a particular curve pattern.
In this case control study, 11 patients with long thoracic curves (imbalanced three-curve pattern or A1 from the Rigo classification) were treated with a specifically designed RSC brace called "three curves brace with open pelvis." These 11 patients were compared to a control group of 10 patients with the same age and curve magnitude, treated with a classical RSC brace for a three-curve scoliosis pattern. Patients with a combined upper thoracic structural curve were not included in any of the groups. The mean age was 10.5 years, mean Cobb angle was 29.5°, and mean axial rotation was 15°. The compared values were the in-brace correction of the Cobb angle and the axial rotation.
The in-brace correction of the Cobb angle was 76.7% in the study group compared to 43.3% in the control group (p < .005). The in-brace correction of the axial rotation was 55.9% in the study group compared to 29.9% in the control group.
In-brace correction of the Cobb angle and axial rotation can be improved in patients with long thoracic curves treated with a recently described brace design ("three curves brace with open pelvis") in comparison with the classic RSC model for this curve pattern.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.