Dissemination of a quality improvement intervention to reduce early term elective deliveries and improve birth registry accuracy at scale in Ohio
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KeywordsQuality Improvement Intervention Schedule Delivery Vital Statistic Data Successful Quality Elective Delivery
After completing a successful quality improvement (QI) initiative to decrease non-medically indicated scheduled births <39 weeks in 20 large maternity hospitals, the Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative (OPQC) aimed to expand this work across Ohio. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of the QI intervention used by OPQC to rapidly spread the 39 week initiative.
Participating hospitals were exposed to an 8-month QI intervention to reduce non-medically indicated scheduled deliveries <39 weeks and reflect those improvements in accurate state vital statistics data. The intervention was implemented using a step-wedge design with hospitals divided into three balanced waves. Effectiveness was assessed using interrupted time-series analysis. Interviews with a sample of participants and project call recordings were analyzed using qualitative methods to understand implementation.
Seventy of the 72 (97%) eligible hospitals agreed to participate. Hospitals actively participated as evidenced by 95.7% attending the in-person learning session and 80% attending at least three of four monthly group calls. Based on birth registry data, rates of non-medically indicated inductions <39 weeks declined in all waves concurrent with the start of the intervention. Changes related to reducing deliveries <39 weeks were variably implemented--some hospitals described extensive changes as a result of their participation while others who had previously begun work in this area described either small changes or no changes. Participants implemented multiple changes to improve birth registry accuracy.
We describe a QI intervention enabling state-wide spread of effective change strategies over 12 months. This intervention could support a model where a network of innovator hospitals develops and tests change strategies and then rapidly spreads successful approaches to a broader population. Such a model has the potential to advance dissemination and implementation science.
Primary funding sources
AHRQ U19HS02114, CDC 31-90000-553005-130488, and Ohio Government Resource Center.
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