Trials

, 16:P19 | Cite as

Achieving consensus over the assessment of clinical signs in eczema trials

  • Kim S Thomas
  • Jochen Schmitt
  • Phyllis I Spuls
  • Eric Simpson
  • Masutaka Furue
  • Stefanie Deckert
  • Christian Apfelbacher
  • Joanne Chalmers
  • Hywel C Williams
  • the Harmonizing Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative
Poster presentation

Keywords

Atopic Dermatitis Core Outcome Adequate Validity Large Group Discussion Consensus Methodology 

Background

Eczema (syn. atopic dermatitis, atopic eczema) is a chronic, itchy, skin disease that commonly starts in childhood. Over 500 randomised controlled trials of eczema treatment have been conducted, but a core outcome set is lacking, leading to inefficiency and waste.

The Harmonizing Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative seeks to agree a core set of outcomes for future research, and has previously agreed key outcome domains: clinical signs, patient-reported symptoms, quality of life and long-term control.

Materials and methods

Two systematic reviews were conducted as per the HOME methodology: i) review of outcome measures used to capture clinical signs, and ii) review of validation studies of the identified scales. Results of these reviews and other data were presented at a face-to-face consensus meeting.

The principle focus of the HOME III meeting, (April 2013, San Diego, USA), was to achieve consensus over the measurement of eczema clinical signs. The meeting included 56 participants (clinicians, patients, researchers and industry representatives) from 10 countries including Asia, Europe, South America, and the US. Consensus methodologies included: presentation of evidence, small and large group discussion and anonymous key-pad voting with pre-defined consensus criteria.

Results

Of the 16 identified scales that assess eczema clinical signs, the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) and the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis index (SCORAD) were identified as valid and reliable. The EASI has adequate validity, responsiveness, internal consistency, and intra-observer reliability. The SCORAD has adequate validity, responsiveness, inter-observer reliability, but unclear intra-observer reliability. HOME III delegates agreed that EASI was the preferred instrument to measure the core outcome of eczema signs in future AE-trials (90% of delegates in favour of EASI).

Conclusions

Those involved in designing, reporting and using evidence from clinical trials on eczema are asked to comply with this consensus to enable better evidence-based decision making and improved patient care.

Copyright information

© Thomas et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim S Thomas
    • 1
  • Jochen Schmitt
    • 2
  • Phyllis I Spuls
    • 3
  • Eric Simpson
    • 4
  • Masutaka Furue
    • 5
  • Stefanie Deckert
    • 2
  • Christian Apfelbacher
    • 6
  • Joanne Chalmers
    • 1
  • Hywel C Williams
    • 1
  • the Harmonizing Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Evidence Based DermatologyUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Centre for Evidence-based healthcareMedical Faculty Carl Gustav CarusTU DresdenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical CentreUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of DermatologyOregon Health & Sciences UniversityPortlandUSA
  5. 5.Department of DermatologyKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  6. 6.Medical Sociology, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineUniversity of RegensburgGermany

Personalised recommendations