Recidivant criminal behaviour and executive dysfunction

  • Fernado Barbosa
  • Monteiro Luis
Open Access
Poster presentation
  • 964 Downloads

Keywords

Public Health Executive Functioning Criminal Behaviour Male Control Global Score 

Background

To experimentally test the hypothesis according to which recidivist subjects in non-violent criminal behaviours display an executive deficit, having alterations on prefrontal functioning as neurophysiological substrate.

Materials and methods

We applied the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) - a battery of assessment of the executive dysfunctions - to an experimental group of 30 male inmates who were recidivist in crimes against property (age= 39,3; s.d..= 9,98), and to a group of 30 male controls (age=32,7; s.d.=11,8), all Caucasian.

Results

Compared to controls, recidivist inmates performed worse in most of the subscales and showed a lower global score, suggesting defective executive functioning.

Conclusions

Avoiding the idea of a frontal “criminogenesis”, and despite the fact that both samples are not very large, the authors seek to present a possible interpretation for certain forms of persistent criminal behaviour, particularly when criminals are resistant to penal measures, in the frame of a defective control over conduct and its consequences.

References

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    Marques-Teixeira J: Comportamento criminal: perspectiva biopsicolσgica. 2000, Linda a Velha: Vale & ValeGoogle Scholar
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    Wilson B, Evans J, Emslie H, Alderman N, y Burgess P: The Development of an Ecologically Valid Test for Assessing Patients with a Dysexecutive Syndrome. Special number of the Journal of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. 1998, Psychology PressGoogle Scholar
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    Barbosa F: Psicofisiologia do comportamento criminal reincidente: νndices perifιricos autonσmicos. Saïde-Mental. 2001, 3 (3): 19-32.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barbosa and Luis; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernado Barbosa
    • 1
  • Monteiro Luis
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology and Education Sciences Faculty- University of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Health Sciences Superior Institute- NorthGandraPortugal

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