Advertisement

Exploring recognition of affective prosody in patients with remitted depression: how do they differ from healthy participants?

  • Maria Giannakou
  • Vasilis P Bozikas
  • Mary H Kosmidis
  • Mihalis Saitis
  • Aravela Adamopoulou
  • George Garyfallos
Open Access
Poster presentation

Keywords

Emotional State Depressed Patient Emotion Recognition Emotion Processing Healthy Participant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Background

Deficits in recognizing emotional states in others have been observed in several psychiatric and neurological disorders. Findings from studies examining emotion processing in depressed patients, however, have been inconsistent. Moreover, the indications of a generalized or a specific emotion recognition impairment have been controversial. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to explore emotion recognition, and, specifically, affective prosody recognition, in a sample of depressed patients in remission.

Materials and methods

Seventeen patients with remitted depression (RD) and 20 healthy controls (HC), matched on age and education, were assessed with an affective prosody test (APT). In this test, 30 audiorecorded sentences of emotionally neutral content (e.g. “John is studying”) were presented with prosodic intonation portraying one of the basic emotions (happiness, sadness, surprise, fear, anger, as well as neutral) with five examples of each emotion.

Results

Independent samples t-tests revealed no group main effect, either on their overall performance on the APT [t(35)=.611, p=.545], or on any particular emotion [happiness: t(35)=1.579, p=.087; sadness: t(35)=−.317, p=.753; surprise: t(35)=−1.006, p=.321; fear: t(35)=1.204, p=.237; anger: t(35)=−1.124, p=.268; neutral: t(35)=−1.262, p=.215]. For the patients, the rank order of the six emotions from the highest to lowest mean score was as follows: neutral intonation, anger, surprise, happiness, sadness, and fear, while for the healthy participants it was as follows: neutral intonation, happiness, fear, surprise, anger and sadness.

Conclusions

Although the two groups did not differ in their overall performance, patients with remitted depression showed a different pattern of emotion recognition, suggesting subtle deviation in the mode in which they identify emotional states. A larger sample of patients should be assessed, however, in order to strengthen the validity of our conclusion.

Copyright information

© Giannakou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Giannakou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vasilis P Bozikas
    • 3
  • Mary H Kosmidis
    • 1
  • Mihalis Saitis
    • 4
  • Aravela Adamopoulou
    • 4
  • George Garyfallos
    • 2
  1. 1.Neuropsychology Group, School of PsychologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.2nd Department of Psychiatry, Medical SchoolAristotle University of ThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.1st Department of Psychiatry, Medical SchoolAristotle University of ThessalonikiGreece
  4. 4.Community Mental Health CenterNorthwest District of ThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations