Service integration of blood borne viral infections in HIV/AIDS prevention sites
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KeywordsCounty Health Department AIDS Service Organization Prevention Site Local Health Officer Provide Service Delivery
Outbreaks of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV infected men who have sex with men (MSM) were recently reported in Europe, Australia, and New York City (Vogel & Rockstroh, 2009). Acute HCV infection is defined as a newly identified viral HCV antibody with either jaundice, serum alanine amino-transverse (ATL) levels >400 IU/L (CDC, 2007). In addition to known acute hepatitis C cases, an at risk population may be defined as men who have sex with men (MSM), who did not already have chronic hepatitis C and who reported sexual and/or drug-related risk behaviors within the prior 6 months (Taylor, 2009). A comprehensive strategy is needed to identify and treat populations at risk for blood borne viral infections.
Although a recent survey of local health officers showed that 87 percent of city and county health departments provide education about HIV/AIDS and 77 percent provide HIV testing, less than 50 percent provide hepatitis C counseling and only 23 percent provide HCV testing (CDC, 2001). Direct service workers have limited experience with combining counseling, testing, prevention immunization and treatment services for these diseases in HIV/AIDS prevention sites, STD clinics, drug treatment sites, and correctional health programs (CDC, 2001).
Integration of services to prevent blood borne viral infections is a fairly new prevention strategy. HIV, HBV, and HCV present unique opportunities to provide service delivery at a single client visit. Treatment may include PEGYLATED INTEFERON and RIBAVIRIN. Persons with HCV-related liver disease should be vaccinated against diseases that may produce further complications or increase their risk of death.
Data from several demonstration projects indicate that integration of HCV counseling and testing into existing public health programs [including AIDS Service Organizations, STD clinics, drug treatment sites, and correctional health programs] is feasible and may enhance identification of persons with risk behaviors for other blood borne virus infections, such as HIV and HBV (CDC, 2001).
Steven Jerome McCadney is a PhD Candidate in Social Welfare at the Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University, New York City.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.