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Pediatric Rheumatology

, 11:A103 | Cite as

OR7-002 – Pyrin 577 mutations in dominant autoinflammation

  • M Stoffels
  • A Szperl
  • A Simon
  • MG Netea
  • TS Plantinga
  • M van Deuren
  • S Kamphuis
  • H Lachmann
  • E Cuppen
  • WP Kloosterman
  • J Frenkel
  • CC van Diemen
  • C Wijmenga
  • M van Gijn
  • JW van der Meer
Open Access
Meeting abstract
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Keywords

Colchicine Periodic Fever MEFV Gene Autoinflammatory Syndrome Index Family 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Introduction

Autoinflammatory disorders are disorders of the innate immune system. Standard genetic testing provided no correct diagnosis in a female patient from a non-consanguineous family of British descent with a colchicine-responsive autosomal dominant periodic fever syndrome.

Objectives

We aimed to unravel the genetic cause of the symptoms in this family.

Methods

Whole exome sequencing was used to screen for novel sequence variants, which were validated by direct Sanger sequencing. Ex-vivo stimulations with peripheral blood mononuclear cells were done to study the functional consequences of the mutation. mRNA and cytokine levels were measured by q-PCR and ELISA, respectively.

Results

Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel missense sequence variant, not seen in around 6800 controls, mapping to exon 8 of the MEFV gene (c.1730C>A; p.T577N), co-segregating perfectly with disease in this family. Other mutations at the same amino acid (c.1730C>G; p.T577S; c.1729A>T; p.T577S) were found in a family of Turkish descent, with autosomal dominant inheritance of FMF-like phenotype, and a Dutch patient, respectively. Moreover, a mutation (c.1729A>G; p.T577A) was detected in 2 Dutch siblings, suffering from episodes of inflammation of varying severity not resembling FMF. PBMCs from one patient of the index family revealed increased basal IL-1β mRNA levels and cytokine responses after LPS stimulation. Responses normalized under colchicine treatment.

Conclusion

Heterozygous mutations at amino acid position 577 of pyrin can induce an autosomal dominant autoinflammatory syndrome. This suggests that T577, located in front of the C-terminal B30.2/SPRY domain, is crucial for pyrin function.

Disclosure of interest

M. Stoffels: None declared, A. Szperl: None declared, A. Simon Consultant for: Novartis and Swedish Orphan Biovitrum, M. Netea: None declared, T. Plantinga: None declared, M. van Deuren: None declared, S. Kamphuis: None declared, H. Lachmann: None declared, E. Cuppen: None declared, W. Kloosterman: None declared, J. Frenkel Consultant for: Novartis and Swedish Orphan Biovitrum, C. van Diemen: None declared, C. Wijmenga: None declared, M. van Gijn: None declared, J. van der Meer Consultant for: Novartis and Swedish Orphan Biovitrum

Copyright information

© Stoffels et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • M Stoffels
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • A Szperl
    • 4
  • A Simon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • MG Netea
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • TS Plantinga
    • 1
    • 2
  • M van Deuren
    • 1
    • 2
  • S Kamphuis
    • 5
  • H Lachmann
    • 6
  • E Cuppen
    • 7
  • WP Kloosterman
    • 7
  • J Frenkel
    • 8
  • CC van Diemen
    • 4
  • C Wijmenga
    • 4
  • M van Gijn
    • 7
  • JW van der Meer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of General Internal MedicineRadboud University Nijmegen Medical CentreNijmegenthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Nijmegen Centre for InfectionInflammation and Immunity (N4i)Nijmegenthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life SciencesNijmegenthe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of GeneticsUMC GroningenGroningenthe Netherlands
  5. 5.Sophia Children’s Hospital, Erasmus UMCRotterdamthe Netherlands
  6. 6.Division of MedicineUK National Amyloidosis Centre, UCLMSLondonUK
  7. 7.Department of Medical GeneticsUMC UtrechtUtrechtthe Netherlands
  8. 8.Division of PediatricsUMC UtrechtUtrechtthe Netherlands

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