Left Ventricular torsion rates by CMR correlate with invasively-derived hemodynamic data in pediatric pulmonary hypertension
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KeywordsPulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary Hypertension Patient Pulmonary Arterial Torsion Rate Ventricular Torsion
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disease that results in right ventricular dysfunction through increased resistive afterload and pulmonary arterial (PA) stiffening. The ventricles are connected at the inter-ventricular sulcus, share an interlaced network of muscle fibers, and are hemodynamically dependent upon each other via the interventricular septum (IVS). Thus, the left ventricle (LV) plays a major role in RV contractile performance and may also be affected in this disease via ventricular-ventricular interaction. The relationship between hemodynamic parameters and torsion rate is unknown. We hypothesized that LV torsion rate is reduced in pediatric PH and is concomitant with hemodynamic markers of PH, and that this is due to the impact of prolonged increased impedance, resulting in reduced RV performance.
Tagged cine CMR images were acquired for 8 pediatric PH patients and 18 control-matched subjects. LV systolic torsion rate (TR) was quantified using harmonic phase analysis. Right heart catheterization and echocardiography was performed on PH patients. Vascular ventricular coupling (VVC) was estimated with the single beat pressure-volume method and calculated as the ratio of arterial elastance to ventricular end systolic elastance (contractility).
LV TR was significantly reduced in PH patients compared to control patients (TR=1.61 ± 0.890/systolic cycle versus 3.04 ± 1.480/systolic cycle, p = 0.0189). LV TR correlated highly with mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP, r = 0.93, p = 0.0008), RV systolic pressure (r = 0.94, p = 0.0005), and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR, r = 0.93, p = 0.0010). VVC correlated highly with LV TR (r = 0.85, p = 0.0071), as did RV contractility (r = 0.86, p = 0.0063).
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