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Can real-time cmr provide adequate morphologic or functional data? A real-time CMR/SSFP comparison trial

  • Wyatt D Unger
  • Maggie Diller
  • James D Dewar
  • Vincent L Sorrell
Open Access
Poster presentation
  • 575 Downloads

Keywords

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Significant Underestimation Cardiac Parameter Cardiac Dimension Longe Acquisition Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Introduction

The objective of this trial was to assess the accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images obtained via real-time CMR (RT-CMR) (GE: MR Echo) imaging sequences in comparison to steady-state free precession (SSFP).

Purpose

Diagnostically useful cardiac MR images are currently obtained using SSFP imaging sequences. Longer acquisition times and breath holding make this sequence unsuitable for use in certain patient populations (eg. - children and sick adults). Unfortunately, RT-CMR images have lower spatial and temporal resolution than those obtained using SSFP sequences and are not currently used clinically.

Methods

Forty nine consecutive patients (table 1) underwent both SSFP and RT-CMR images. Clinically relevant cardiac parameters (table 2) were measured in both diastole and systole utilizing SSFP and RT-CMR sequences. Measurements were made by considering the largest ventricular size to be diastole and the smallest to be systole. Measurements were made using common, consistent anatomic locations in both methods, were performed in random order, and were blinded to the results from the other sequence. Cardiac dimensions measured in each imaging modality were then compared using a paired t-test as well as a Passing and Bablock regression analysis.
Table 1

Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population

Number of patients

49

 

Mean

Age, yrs

53 + 21 (8-93)

Female Gender

31

BSA, M2

1.9 + 0.19 (1.6-2.3)

LV Diastolic Area

3741.57±1013.63 (2384.91-7886.43)

LV Systolic Area

2166.37+1088.42 (994.70-6442.82)

Table 2

Summary of data from the paired t-test, and Passing and Bablock regression analysis

Measurement

Paired t-test p value

Intercept

95% CI

Slope

95% CI

LV Diastolic Area (mm2)

0.0470

-175.39

-662.23 to 207.50

1.0538

0.95 to 1.20

LV Systolic Area (mm2)

0.0801

-843.79

-2527.17 to 28.74

2.5065

1.76 to 4.06

FAC (%)

0.4729

-0.0060

-0.068 to 0.054

0.9966

0.84 to 1.18

Aortic Root (mm)

0.5791

1.8565

-15.82 to 3.26

0.9323

0.88 to 1.51

LA Area Systole (mm2)

0.5448

-3.6121

-278.13 to 244.86

0.9966

0.89 to 1.14

RV Diastolic Area (mm2)

0.1434

-496.57

-1268.73 to 334.27

1.2269

0.91 to 1.56

Results

With the exception of LVEDA, our data show no statistical difference between the measurements obtained using either CMR sequence (figures 1 and 2). The slope and intercept for a Passing and Bablock regression are shown below and demonstrate no significant deviation from linearity (ALL P VALUES N >0.10). RT-CMR exhibits a consistent, though not statistically significant underestimation of LV areas in both systole and diastole. Furthermore, analysis of the relationship between the percentage difference of these methods showed this difference to be highly, significantly correlated.
Figure 1

Plot of a Passing and Bablock regression of LVFAC measured by RT-CMR vs. SSFP. The regression equation is y=-0.005980 + 0.9966x and the Cusum test for linearity P.0.1 shows no significant deviation from linearity.

Figure 2

A regression of % difference in measured values between SSFP and RT-CMR between LV diastolic area and LV systolic area. The intercept = -0.041 (P=0.14) and the slope =0.553 (P=0.019), with an analysis of variance significance level of P=0.019.

Conclusions

RT-CMR provides clinically useful morphologic and functional LV and RV data compared to SSFP imaging. In this highly variable clinical population of pediatric and adults patients referred for CMR studies, there was no significant difference between SSFP and RT-CMR measurements with the exception of LV diastolic area.

Copyright information

© Unger et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wyatt D Unger
    • 1
  • Maggie Diller
    • 1
  • James D Dewar
    • 1
  • Vincent L Sorrell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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