Diastolic dysfunction in patients with preserved ejection fraction: identification by velocity encoded magnetic resonance imaging
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KeywordsDiastolic Dysfunction Peak Velocity Left Ventricular Filling Preserve Ejection Fraction Transmitral Flow
To evaluate the ability of velocity encoded (VENC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify patients with diastolic dysfunction in comparison with Doppler-echocardiography.
Diastolic dysfunction was recently recognized as an important cause for heart failure in patients with preserved ejection fraction. Diastolic dysfunction is typically assessed in clinical routine using transmitral and pulmonary-venous flow characteristics by Doppler-echocardiography. We hypothesized that VENC-MRI has a similar ability to identify patients with diastolic dysfunction compared to Doppler-echocardiography.
The study included 76 patients with normal systolic left-ventricular function and a high probability of diastolic dysfunction. Transmitral flow and pulmonary venous flow profiles were obtained by VENC-MRI and Doppler-echocardiography. Measurements included maximal early- and late-diastolic transmitral velocities (E- and A-waves) as well as maximal systolic and diastolic pulmonary venous velocities (S- and D-wave). Furthermore, VENC-MRI was used to assess total diastolic left ventricular (LV) filling as well as the early and late portions of diastolic LV filling.
VENC-MRI has the ability to identify diastolic dysfunction by measurements of transmitral flow velocities. Furthermore, the assessment of early and late LV diastolic filling volumes may provide additional information for the grading of diastolic dysfunction.
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