Assessment of myocardial perfusion reserve with blood oxygen level-dependent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
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KeywordsMyocardial Perfusion Myocardial Blood Flow Coronary Sinus Adenosine Infusion Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Image
New Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (BOLD-CMR) sequences show a high sensitivity and consistent image quality that allows for assessing tissue oxygenation. We hypothesized that BOLD-CMR can quantitatively assess myocardial blood flow changes using myocardial oxygenation as a biomarker.
To test whether a BOLD-CMR sequence accurately estimates myocardial perfusion changes.
Six anesthetized mongrel dogs were instrumented with a coronary infusion catheter in the circumflex coronary artery (LCX), an MR-compatible epivascular flow probe around the LCX and a catheter in the coronary sinus. Using a clinical 1.5 T MRI system (MAGNETOM Avanto, Siemens Healthcare, Germany), SSFP BOLD-CMR was performed during graded intracoronary infusion of adenosine in the LCX. Typical scan parameters were: Field-of view (FOV) 190 × 280 mm; matrix size 106 × 192; slice thickness 10 mm; TR/TE 5.8/2.9 ms; flip angle 90°; typical breath-hold duration 14 s. Images were analyzed using clinically validated software (cmr42, Circle Cardiovascular Imaging Inc., Calgary, Canada) and the BOLD signal intensity (SI) for each was calculated. Correlations of coronary flow, oxygen saturation in the coronary sinus and myocardial BOLD-CMR signal intensity (BOLD-SI) changes were calculated by regression analysis. The same CMR imaging protocol was used in 11 healthy volunteers (6 male, 5 female) before, during and after intravenous adenosine infusion (140 micro-g/kg). Myocardial perfusion reserve in the human volunteers was calculated from flow measurement in the coronary sinus using velocity-encoded CMR.
State-of-the-art BOLD-sensitive MRI sequences detect changes of myocardial perfusion in an experimental animal model and in humans in vivo. This technique may allow for an accurate, non-invasive assessment of myocardial perfusion reserve in humans.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.