Therapeutic implications of nanoencapsulated M. avium / HIV drugs against experimental tuberculosis in mice
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KeywordsSustained Release Infected Mouse Mycobacterium Avium Double Emulsification Sustained Drug Release
Therapeutic management of Mycobacterium avium infection is inadequate due to patient non-compliance, lengthy treatment regimen, multidrug associated toxic side-effects etc. particularly in AIDS patients who are at a greater risk of developing mycobacterial infection. This study was designed to evaluate chemotherapeutic potential of poly D, L-lactide-co-glycolide nanoparticles against M. avium infection in mice.
Drug loaded nanoparticles were prepared by double emulsification and characterized for their size, surface morphology and sustained drug release. Pharmacokinetics of free and nanoencapsulated drugs were evaluated after single oral dose administration and therapeutic efficacy was assessed in M. avium infected mice after 4 weeks of chemotherapy.
Sustained release of various drugs was observed for 5-7 days as compared to 24h for free drugs in plasma and various tissues. Eight weeks of chemotherapy resulted in significant clearance of bacilli from lungs and spleen of M. avium infected mice as compared to untreated controls. 8 doses of PLGA nanoencapsulated M. avium drugs depicted an equivalent therapeutic effect as that of 56 doses of daily administered oral free drugs which was evident from cfu enumeration data and lung histopathology. Furthermore, nanoencapsulation was observed to lessen the adverse drug interactions between anti-retroviral and anti-M. avium drugs.
PLGA nanoparticle based drug delivery system showed great potential to produce sustained release of anti-HIV / M. avium drugs. These studies hold promise to reduce the frequency of drug dosages as well as alleviate adverse drug interactions during the course of M. avium and HIV therapy.
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