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BMC Bioinformatics

, 13:A7 | Cite as

QTLs for bone mineral density of femurs and tibias in recombinant inbred strains derived from C57BL/6J and DBA/2J inbred strains

  • Lishi Wang
  • Wenli Lu
  • Rachel Scheib
  • Yue Huang
  • XiaoYun Liu
  • Linda Myers
  • Lu Lu
  • Robert W Williams
  • Yan Jiao
  • Weikuan Gu
Open Access
Meeting abstract

Keywords

Bone Mineral Density Quantitative Trait Locus Candidate Gene Interval Mapping Inbred Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Background

Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone mineral density (BMD) are defined as regions of the genome that contain sequence variations that cause differences in either bone deposition or rates of resorption. In this study, we investigate QTLs for BMD of whole bones using femurs and tibiae from the BXD family of recombinant inbred (RI) strains derived by crossing C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) inbred strains.

Materials and methods

We studied femurs and tibiae from a total of 46 strains at 3 months-of-age. Bones were quantified using the PIXImus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer (DXA) system. QTL mapping was carried out using simple and composite interval mapping in GeneNetwork (http://www.genenetwork.org). Candidate genes in QTL regions were ranked using PGMapper. SNP genotypes of candidate genes were verified directly using PCR amplification and sequencing.

Results

Our data show:
  1. 1)

    A high correlation between BMD of the femur and tibia across the panel of BXD strains;

     
  2. 2)

    A high correlation between BMD of femur and tibia within sex and a moderate positive correlation between sexes;

     
  3. 3)

    A QTL on chromosome 15 for the BMD in femur and tibia in male mice located in a 10 Mb region between 42 and 52 Mb;

     
  4. 4)

    A total of 48 transcripts within the Chr 15 QTL or which three are particularly attractive candidate genes—Trps1, Ext1, and Slc30a8.

     

Conclusions

We have identified QTLs for BMD using a set of 46 BXD RI strains. Further investigation of the three candidate genes located in this QTL on chromosome 15 is essential. Despite limitations, PIXImus is a valuable tool for studying BMD and skeletal development of small animals.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support for this research is partially from the NIAAA (1R01 AA016342). NIH, the Veterans Administration Medical Center, and DNA Discovery Core, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee.

Copyright information

© Wang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lishi Wang
    • 1
  • Wenli Lu
    • 1
  • Rachel Scheib
    • 1
  • Yue Huang
    • 1
  • XiaoYun Liu
    • 1
  • Linda Myers
    • 2
  • Lu Lu
    • 3
  • Robert W Williams
    • 3
  • Yan Jiao
    • 1
  • Weikuan Gu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery - Campbell Clinic and PathologyUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA

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