Cancer Imaging

, 15:O4 | Cite as

Spots and dots in the bones

  • Philippa Tyler
Oral presentation


Imaging Technique Normal Variant Diffusion Weighted Imaging Bone Lesion Skeletal Metastasis 
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Cancer imaging is frequently at the cutting edge of new imaging techniques which are often rapidly incorporated into routine use.

Skeletal metastatic disease is a frequent complication of neoplastic conditions, and results in specific challenges to the general radiologist and specialist oncological radiologist alike.

Non-neoplastic conditions and normal variants may simulate skeletal metastases, and the radiologist must recognise such cases and avoid over-investigation and unnecessary treatment.

This lecture will briefly review standard imaging techniques and demonstrate normal appearances, normal variants and non-neoplastic lesions that mimic primary and secondary skeletal malignancy, and will then review a spectrum of malignancy-associated bone lesions with the use of standard and more specialised imaging techniques, including PET MRI, PET CT and diffusion weighted imaging,.

Expected post treatment imaging findings, and treatment-associated complications will also be discussed.


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Copyright information

© Tyler 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippa Tyler
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Royal National Orthopaedic HospitalStanmoreUK
  2. 2.Institute of OrthopaedicsUniversity College LondonUK

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