On the relation between gene flow theory and genetic gain

  • Piter Bijma
  • John A Woolliams
Open Access


In conventional gene flow theory the rate of genetic gain is calculated as the summed products of genetic selection differential and asymptotic proportion of genes deriving from sex-age groups. Recent studies have shown that asymptotic proportions of genes predicted from conventional gene flow theory may deviate considerably from true proportions. However, the rate of genetic gain predicted from conventional gene flow theory was accurate. The current note shows that the connection between asymptotic proportions of genes and rate of genetic gain that is embodied in conventional gene flow theory is invalid, even though genetic gain may be predicted correctly from it.


genetic gain gene flow overlapping generations selection response 

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Copyright information

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Animal Breeding and Genetics Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal SciencesWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Roslin Institute (Edinburgh), RoslinMidlothianUK

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