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Nutrire

, 44:7 | Cite as

Extracurricular physical activities practiced by children: relationship with parents’ nutritional status and level of activity

  • Aida Christine Silva do Nascimento
  • Fabíola Isabel Suano-SouzaEmail author
  • Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
Research
  • 777 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Sedentarism is a global epidemic that engages 60 to 70% of the global population. A progressive physical activities decline occurs from childhood to adolescence. This study aims to compare extracurricular physical activity among students with and without overweight and to relate it to the level of physical activity of their parents.

Methods

This cross-sectional study evaluated 375 children aged 6–11 years from two public schools that have extracurricular and optional activities. Data collected: weight and height for the calculation of body mass index and height/age z-scores; waist circumference to calculate waist to height ratio; extracurricular physical activity of children and parents/caregivers (short version of the IPAQ—International Physical Activity Questionnaire).

Results

Mean age was 8.7 ± 1.4 years in the studied population; overweight and obesity was observed in 98 (26.8%) and 79 (21.6%) children, respectively. Extracurricular physical activity was observed in 86 (22.9%) children. Physical activity of parents was not associated with children’s practice or their nutritional status. No difference was found in relation to physical activity and nutritional status. However, boys were less engaged in physical activities compared with girls (32–37.2% vs 54–62.8%, p = 0.003).

Conclusion

Considering the importance of promoting children’s physical activity and based on the results evidenced in this study highlighting the low demand for physical activity provided by schools, stimulating measures by educators and family members are clearly required.

Keywords

Child Physical activity Sedentary behavior Obesity 

Abbreviations

IPAQ

International Physical Activity Questionnaire

PA

physical activity

WHO

World Health Organization

POF

Household Budget Survey

FNDE

National Education Development Fund

PENSE

National School Health Survey

CESAs

Santo Andre Educational Centers

ZBMI

score Z body mass index

ZHA

score Z height for age

Notes

Acknowledgments

Núcleo de Estudos, Pesquisas e Assessoria à Saúde da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (NEPAS) da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC.

Compliance with ethical standards

The Research Ethics Committee of the Faculdade de Medicina do ABC approved and authorized the study under No. 066275/2014. All children and parents involved signed the informed consent form.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatrics Department of Faculdade de Medicina do ABCSanto AndréBrazil

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