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# Certain new dynamic nonlinear inequalities in two independent variables and applications

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## Abstract

Several inequalities were proved in 2018 by Boudeliou, in 2015 by Abdeldain and El-Deeb and in 1998 by Pachpatte. It is our aim in this paper to generalize these inequalities to time scales. Beside that, we also apply our inequalities to discrete and continuous calculus to obtain some new inequalities as special cases. Furthermore, we study the boundedness of some problems by applying our results.

## Introduction

In 2018, Boudeliou [9] discussed the following inequalities.

### Theorem 1.1

Suppose$$a\in C(\hat{\varOmega } ,\mathbb{R}_{+})$$is nondecreasing with respect to$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \hat{\varOmega }=I_{1}\times I_{2}$$, let$$\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})\in C^{1}(I_{1},I_{2})$$and$$\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})\in C^{1}(I_{2},I_{2})$$be nondecreasing functions with$$\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})\leq \breve{x}$$on$$I_{1}$$, $$\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})\leq \breve{y}$$, andg, u, p, $$f\in C(\hat{\varOmega } ,\mathbb{R}_{+})$$. Furthermore, supposeψ̄, $$\bar{\varphi } \in C(\mathbb{R}_{+},\mathbb{R}_{+})$$are nondecreasing functions with$$\{ \bar{\psi } ,\bar{\varphi } \} (u)>0$$for$$u>0$$, and$$\lim_{u\rightarrow +\infty } \bar{\psi } (u)=+\infty$$. If$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{ {\hat{\beta }}(\breve{y})} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }( \breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{\tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \hat{\varOmega }$$, then

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr] \biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{ \hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}p( \breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \\& \breve{G}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{d \breve{s}}{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})},\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{G}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{d \breve{s}}{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+\infty , \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \hat{\varOmega }$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Theorem 1.2

Assume thatg, a, f, u, β̂, α̂, ,ψ̄andφ̄be as in Theorem1.1. If$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }( \breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{\tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \hat{\varOmega }$$, then

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{H}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +\breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }( \breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr] \biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x} \leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& \breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) = \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \\& \breve{H}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) },\quad r \geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{H }(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) }=+\infty , \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \hat{\varOmega }$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +B(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\hat{\alpha }(\breve{x})} \int _{0}^{\hat{\beta }(\breve{y})}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{H}^{-1} \bigr).$$

In 1988, Hilger [33] presented time scale theory to unify continuous and discrete analysis. For some Gronwall–Bellman-type integral, dynamic inequalities and other type inequalities on time scales, see Refs. [18, 13, 14, 1632, 3441]. For more details on time scales calculus see [15].

A time scale $$\mathbb{T}$$ is an arbitrary nonempty closed subset of $$\mathbb{R}$$. We suppose throughout the article that $$\mathbb{T}$$ has the topology that it inherits from the standard topology on $$\mathbb{R}$$. The forward jump operator $$\sigma : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{T}$$ is defined for any $$t\in \mathbb{T}$$ by

$$\sigma (t):=\inf \{s\in \mathbb{T}: s>t\},$$

and the backward jump operator $$\rho : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{T}$$ is defined for any $$t\in \mathbb{T}$$ by

$$\rho (t):=\sup \{s\in \mathbb{T}: s< t\}.$$

In the previous two definitions, we set $$\inf \emptyset =\sup \mathbb{T}$$ (i.e., if t is the maximum of $$\mathbb{T}$$, then $$\sigma (t)=t$$) and $$\sup \emptyset =\inf \mathbb{T}$$ (i.e., if t is the minimum of $$\mathbb{T}$$, then $$\rho (t)=t$$), where ∅ is the empty set.

A point $$t\in \mathbb{T}$$ with $$\inf \mathbb{T}< t<\sup \mathbb{T}$$ is said to be right-scattered if $$\sigma (t)>t$$, right-dense if $$\sigma (t)=t$$, left-scattered if $$\rho (t)< t$$, and left-dense if $$\rho (t)=t$$. Points that are simultaneously right-dense and left-dense are called dense points. Points that are simultaneously right-scattered and left-scattered are called isolated points.

We define the forward graininess function $$\mu :\mathbb{T}\to [0, \infty )$$ for any $$t \in \mathbb{T}$$ by $$\mu (t):= \sigma (t)-t$$.

Let $$f : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ be a function. Then the function $$f^{\sigma } : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ is defined by $$f^{\sigma }(t)=f( \sigma (t))$$, $$\forall t\in \mathbb{T}$$, that is, $$f^{\sigma }=f \circ \sigma$$. In a similar manner, the function $$f^{\rho } : \mathbb{T} \to \mathbb{R}$$ is defined by $$f^{\rho }(t)=f(\rho (t))$$, $$\forall t \in \mathbb{T}$$, that is, $$f^{\rho }=f\circ \rho$$.

We introduce the set $$\mathbb{T}^{\kappa }$$ as follows: If $$\mathbb{T}$$ has a left-scattered maximum m, then $$\mathbb{T}^{ \kappa }=\mathbb{T}-\{m\}$$, otherwise $$\mathbb{T}^{\kappa } = \mathbb{T}$$.

The interval $$[a,b]$$ in $$\mathbb{T}$$ is defined by

$$[a,b]_{\mathbb{T}}=\{t\in \mathbb{T}:a\leq t\leq b\}.$$

Open intervals and half-closed interval are defined similarly.

Suppose $$f : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ is a function and $$t\in \mathbb{T}^{\kappa }$$. Then we say that $$f^{\Delta }(t)\in \mathbb{R}$$ is the delta derivative of f at t if for any $$\varepsilon > 0$$ there exists a neighborhood U of t such that, for all $$s\in U$$, we have

$$\bigl|\bigl[ f\bigl(\sigma (t)\bigr)-f(s)\bigr]-f^{\Delta }(t)\bigl[\sigma (t)-s\bigr]\bigr| \leq \varepsilon \bigl\vert \sigma (t)-s \bigr\vert .$$

Furthermore, f is said to be delta differentiable on $$\mathbb{T} ^{\kappa }$$ if it is delta differentiable at each $$t\in \mathbb{T} ^{\kappa }$$.

If f, $$g:\mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ are delta differentiable functions at $$t\in \mathbb{T}^{\kappa }$$, then

1. 1.

$$(f+g)^{\Delta }(t)=f^{\Delta }(t)+g^{\Delta }(t)$$;

2. 2.

$$(fg)^{\Delta }(t)=f^{\Delta }(t)g(t)+f(\sigma (t))g^{\Delta }(t)=f(t)g ^{\Delta }(t)+f^{\Delta }(t)g(\sigma (t))$$;

3. 3.

$$( \frac{f}{g} )^{\Delta }(t)=\frac{f^{\Delta }(t)g(t)-f(t)g^{ \Delta }(t)}{g(t)g(\sigma (t))}$$ provided $$g(t)g(\sigma (t))\neq 0$$.

A function $$g : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ is called right-dense continuous (rd-continuous) if g is continuous at the right-dense points in $$\mathbb{T}$$ and its left-sided limits exist at all left-dense points in $$\mathbb{T}$$.

A function $$F : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ is said to be a delta antiderivative of $$f : \mathbb{T}\to \mathbb{R}$$ if $$F^{\Delta }(t)=f(t)$$ for all $$t\in \mathbb{T}^{\kappa }$$. In this case, the definite delta integral of f is defined by

$$\int _{a}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta =F(b)-F(a) \quad \text{for all } a,b\in \mathbb{T}.$$

If $$g \in C_{\mathrm{rd}}(\mathbb{T})$$ and t, $$t_{0}\in \mathbb{T}$$, then the definite integral $$G(t) :=\int _{t_{0}}^{t} g(s)\Delta s$$ exists, and $$G^{\Delta } (t) = g(t)$$ holds.

Assume that a, b, $$c\in \mathbb{T}$$, $$\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$$, and f, g be continuous functions on $$[a,b]_{\mathbb{T}}$$. Then

1. 1.

$$\int _{a}^{b} [f(t)+g(t) ]\Delta \eta =\int _{a}^{b}f(\eta ) \Delta \eta +\int _{a}^{b}g(\eta )\Delta \eta$$;

2. 2.

$$\int _{a}^{b}\alpha f(\eta )\Delta \eta =\alpha \int _{a}^{b}f(\eta ) \Delta \eta$$;

3. 3.

$$\int _{a}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta =\int _{a}^{c}f(\eta )\Delta \eta + \int _{c}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta$$;

4. 4.

$$\int _{a}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta =-\int _{b}^{a}f(\eta )\Delta \eta$$;

5. 5.

$$\int _{a}^{a}f(\eta )\Delta \eta =0$$;

6. 6.

if $$f(t)\geq g(t)$$ on $$[a,b]_{\mathbb{T}}$$, then $$\int _{a}^{b}f( \eta )\Delta \eta \geq \int _{a}^{b}g(\eta )\Delta \eta$$.

We will need the following important relations between calculus on time scales $$\mathbb{T}$$ and either continuous calculus on $$\mathbb{R}$$ or discrete calculus on $$\mathbb{Z}$$. Note that:

1. 1.

If $$\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{R}$$, then

$$\sigma (t)=t,\qquad \mu (t)=0,\qquad f^{\Delta }(t)=f^{\prime }(t), \qquad \int _{a}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta = \int _{a}^{b}f(t)\,{d}t.$$
2. 2.

If $$\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{Z}$$, then

$$\sigma (t)=t+1,\qquad \mu (t)=1,\qquad f^{\Delta }(t)=f(t+1)-f(t), \qquad \int _{a}^{b}f(\eta )\Delta \eta =\sum _{t=a}^{b-1}f(t).$$

In the following, we present the basic theorems that will be needed in the proofs of our main results.

### Theorem 1.3

Ifis Δ̂-integrable on$$[a,b]$$, then so is$$\vert \hat{f} \vert$$, and

$$\biggl\vert \int _{a}^{b}\hat{f}(\check{t})\hat{\Delta } \check{t} \biggr\vert \leq \int _{a}^{b} \bigl\vert \hat{f}(\check{t}) \bigr\vert \hat{\Delta } \check{t}.$$

### Theorem 1.4

(Chain rule on time scales [15])

Assume$$\hat{g}:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$is continuous, $$\hat{g}:\breve{\mathbb{T}}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$is Δ̂-differentiable on$$\mathbb{T^{\kappa }}$$, and$$\hat{f}:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$is continuously differentiable. Then there exists$$c\in [\check{t},\sigma (\check{t})]$$with

$$(\hat{f}\circ \hat{g})^{\hat{\Delta }}(\check{t})= \hat{f}'\bigl(\hat{g}(c)\bigr) \hat{g}^{\hat{\Delta }}(\check{t}).$$
(1.1)

### Theorem 1.5

(Chain rule on time scales [15])

Let$$\hat{f}: \mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$be continuously differentiable and suppose$$\hat{g}: \breve{\mathbb{T}}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$is Δ̂-differentiable. Then$$f\circ \hat{g} : \breve{\mathbb{T}}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$$is Δ̂-differentiable and the formula

$$(\hat{f}\circ \hat{g})^{\hat{\Delta }}(\check{t}) = \biggl\{ \int _{0} ^{1} \bigl[\hat{f}' \bigl(h\hat{g}^{\sigma }(\check{t})+(1-h)\hat{g}( \check{t})\bigr) \bigr]\,dh \biggr\} \hat{g}^{\hat{\hat{\Delta }}}(\check{t})$$
(1.2)

holds.

This paper gives us the time scale versions of the results provided in [9]. These inequalities, proved here, extend some known results in the literature, and they are also unify the continuous and the discrete case.

## Main results

In what follows, $$\mathbb{R}$$ denotes the set of real numbers, $$\mathbb{R} _{+}= [ 0,+\infty )$$, $$\breve{\mathbb{T}}_{1}$$, $$\breve{\mathbb{T}}_{2}$$ are two time scales and we put $$\varOmega = \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{1}\times \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{2}=\{(\breve{t}, \breve{s}):\breve{t}\in \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{1}, \breve{s}\in \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{2}\}$$ which is a complete metric space with the metric ρ̆ defined by

$$\breve{\rho }\bigl((\breve{t},\breve{s}),(\acute{t},\acute{s})\bigr)=\sqrt{( \breve{t}-\acute{t})^{2}+(\breve{s}-\acute{s})^{2}}, \quad \forall ( \breve{t},\breve{s}), (\acute{t},\acute{s})\in \breve{ \mathbb{T}}_{1} \times \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{2}.$$

$$C_{\mathrm{rd}}(\varOmega ,\mathbb{R} _{+})$$ denotes the set of all right-dense continuous functions from Ω into $$\mathbb{R} _{+}$$ and $$C^{1}_{\mathrm{rd}} ( \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{i},\breve{\mathbb{T}}_{i} )$$ denotes the set of all right-dense continuously delta-differentiable functions from $$\breve{\mathbb{T}}_{i}$$ into $$\breve{\mathbb{T}}_{i}$$, $$i=1,2$$. The two-variables time scales calculus and multiple integration on time scales were introduced in [10, 11] (see also [12]).

### Theorem 2.1

Suppose that$$a\in C_{\mathrm{rd}}(\varOmega ,\mathbb{R}_{+})$$is nondecreasing with respect to$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, andg, u, p, $$f\in C_{\mathrm{rd}}(\varOmega ,\mathbb{R}_{+})$$. Furthermore, suppose thatψ̄, $$\bar{\varphi } \in C(\mathbb{R}_{+},\mathbb{R}_{+})$$are nondecreasing functions with$$\{ \bar{\psi } ,\bar{\varphi } \} (u)>0$$for$$u>0$$, and$$\lim_{u\rightarrow +\infty }\bar{\psi } (u)=+\infty$$. If$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, then

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] \biggr\}$$
(2.1)

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}p(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} , \end{aligned}
(2.2)
\begin{aligned}& \breve{G}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}}{\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})},\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{G}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{\hat{\Delta } \breve{s}}{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+\infty , \end{aligned}
(2.3)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Proof

Assume that $$a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) >0$$. Since $$q\geq 0$$ and it is nondecreasing, fixing an arbitrary point $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$ and defining $$z(\breve{x}, \breve{y})$$ by

\begin{aligned} z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&q(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}

which is a positive and nondecreasing function for $$0\leq \breve{x} \leq \breve{\xi }\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{\zeta }\leq \breve{y}_{1}$$, we have $$z(0,\breve{y}) =z( \breve{x},0) =q(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })$$ and

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) .$$
(2.4)

Differentiating $$z(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$, with respect to and using (2.4), we get

\begin{aligned} z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =& \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl[ \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq & \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl[ \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}, \end{aligned}

since $$\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1}$$ is nondecreasing with respect to $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \mathbb{R} _{+}\times \mathbb{R} _{+}$$, we have

\begin{aligned} z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq & \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl[ \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) +\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq &\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl[ 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}, \end{aligned}
(2.5)

and from (2.5) we get

$$\frac{z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) }{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) ) } \leq \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}.$$
(2.6)

From (2.6) we get

$$\breve{G} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{ \xi },\breve{\zeta }) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0} ^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}.$$

Since $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$ is chosen arbitrarily,

$$z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] .$$
(2.7)

So from (2.7) and (2.4) we get the desired inequality in (2.1). For $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =0$$, we carry out the above procedure with $$\epsilon >0$$ instead of $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$ and subsequently let $$\epsilon \rightarrow 0$$. This completes the proof. □

### Corollary 2.2

If we take$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}=\mathbb{R}$$in Theorem2.1, then the inequality

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}} g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{\tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr] \biggr\}$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}p(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \\& \breve{G}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{d \breve{s}}{\bar{\varphi }\circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})},\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{G}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{d \breve{s}}{\bar{\varphi }\circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+\infty , \end{aligned}
(2.8)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Corollary 2.3

The discrete form can be obtained by letting$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}= \mathbb{Z}$$in Theorem2.1:

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) +\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum _{ \breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \\ &{}+\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( \sum _{\breve{\tau }=0}^{\breve{s}-1} g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggr) \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, which implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \Biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \Biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( 1+ \sum _{\breve{\tau }=0}^{\breve{s}-1}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \Biggr) \Biggr] \Biggr\}$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) +\sum _{\breve{s}=0} ^{\breve{x}-1}\sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}p( \breve{s},\breve{t}), \\& \breve{G}(r)=\sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{r-1} \frac{1}{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})},\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{G}(+ \infty )=\sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{+\infty } \frac{1}{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+\infty , \end{aligned}
(2.9)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\Biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \sum _{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( 1+\sum_{\breve{\tau }_{0}}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \Biggr) \Biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Theorem 2.4

Assume thath, $$b\in C_{\mathrm{rd}}(\varOmega ,\mathbb{R} _{+})$$. Letg, f, p, a, u, ψ̄andφ̄be as in Theorem2.1, if$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, then

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +A(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] \biggr\}$$
(2.10)

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereq, Ğare defined by (2.2) and (2.3), respectively, and

$$\breve{A}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) = \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}$$
(2.11)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +\breve{A}( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{G}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Proof

Assume that $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) >0$$. Fixing an arbitrary $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$, we define positive and nondecreasing function $$z(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$ by

\begin{aligned} z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&q(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) + \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \end{aligned}

for $$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{\xi }\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{\zeta }\leq y_{1}$$, then $$z(0,\breve{y}) =z( \breve{x},0) =q(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })$$ and

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr);$$

then we have

\begin{aligned} z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =& \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( h( \breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq & \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \\ &{}\times \biggl( h(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq &\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) \biggl[ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{} + \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( h( \breve{x},\breve{t}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}, \end{aligned}

then

$$\frac{z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) }{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) ) } \leq \biggl[ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \hat{\Delta } \breve{t}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( h( \breve{x},\breve{t}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}.$$
(2.12)

Integrating (2.12) and using (2.3) and (2.11), we get

$$\breve{G} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{ \xi },\breve{\zeta }) \bigr) +\breve{A}(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}.$$

Since $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$ is chosen arbitrarily,

$$z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +\breve{A}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] .$$
(2.13)

From (2.13) and $$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) )$$, we get the required inequality in (2.10). For $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =0$$, we carry out the above procedure with $$\epsilon >0$$ instead of $$a(\breve{x}, \breve{y})$$ and subsequently let $$\epsilon \rightarrow 0$$. This completes the proof. □

### Corollary 2.5

If we take$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}=\mathbb{R}$$in Theorem2.4, then the inequality

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{\tau } \biggr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +A(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr] \biggr\}$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereĞis defined by (2.8) and

$$\breve{A}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) = \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}$$

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +\breve{A}( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{G}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Corollary 2.6

The discrete form can be obtained by letting$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}= \mathbb{Z}$$in Theorem2.4:

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) +\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum _{ \breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \\ &{}+\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}b( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +\sum _{\breve{\tau }=0}^{ \breve{s}-1}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggr], \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \Biggl\{ G^{-1} \Biggl[ G \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +A(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggr] \Biggr\}$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereĞis defined by (2.9) and

$$\breve{A}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}b(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl[ h( \breve{s},\breve{t})+\sum_{\breve{\tau }=0}^{\breve{s}-1}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \Biggr]$$

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\Biggl( \breve{G} \bigl( q(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +\breve{A}( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) +\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0} ^{\breve{y}-1}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{G}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Theorem 2.7

Assume thatg, a, u, f, p, ψ̄andφ̄are as in Theorem2.1. If$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, then

\begin{aligned} u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq& \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl( \breve{F}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{F} \bigl( q_{1} ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bigr) \\ &{} + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] \biggr) \biggr\} , \end{aligned}
(2.14)

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereĞis defined in (2.3) and

\begin{aligned}& q_{1} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) =\breve{G} \bigl( a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}p(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(2.15)
\begin{aligned}& \begin{gathered} \breve{F}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}}{ ( ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \breve{G}^{-1} ) (\breve{s} ) },\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\\ \breve{F}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{\hat{\Delta } \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \breve{G}^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+\infty , \end{gathered} \end{aligned}
(2.16)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{F} \bigl( q_{1} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{F}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Proof

Suppose that $$a(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) >0$$. Fixing an arbitrary $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$, we define a positive and nondecreasing function $$z(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$ by

\begin{aligned} z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&a(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })+ \int _{0}^{ \breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for $$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{\xi }\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{\zeta }\leq \breve{y}_{1}$$, then $$z(0,\breve{y}) =z(\breve{x},0) =a(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })$$ and

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) ,$$

then we have

\begin{aligned} z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =& \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta } \breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g( \breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{t} \\ \leq & \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0} ^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq &\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}, \end{aligned}

or

\begin{aligned} \frac{z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) }{\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) ) } \leq & \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}. \end{aligned}
(2.17)

Integrating (2.17) and using (2.3), we get

\begin{aligned} \breve{G} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &\breve{G} \bigl( a(\breve{ \xi },\breve{\zeta }) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s}. \end{aligned}

$$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$ is chosen arbitrarily, then from (2.15) we have

\begin{aligned} \breve{G} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &q_{1} ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s}. \end{aligned}

Since $$q_{1} (\breve{x},\breve{y} )>0$$ is a nondecreasing function, fixing an arbitrary point $$( \breve{\xi }, \breve{\zeta } ) \in \varOmega$$ and defining $$v(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) >0$$ to be a nondecreasing function by

\begin{aligned} v(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&q_{1} ( \breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta } ) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for $$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{\xi }\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{\zeta }\leq y_{1}$$, we have $$v(0,\breve{y}) =v( \breve{x},0) =q_{1}(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })$$ and

$$z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \breve{G}^{-1} \bigl( v(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) ;$$
(2.18)

then we have

\begin{aligned} v^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =& \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq & \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigl( v( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( G^{-1} \bigl( v( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq & \bigl( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigr) \circ \breve{G}^{-1}\bigl(v ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) \biggl[ \int _{0} ^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t}+ \int _{0} ^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \biggr] , \end{aligned}

or

$$\frac{v^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) }{ ( \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \breve{G}^{-1}(v ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) )}\leq \biggl[ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \biggr] .$$
(2.19)

Integrating (2.19) and using (2.16), we get

$$\breve{F} \bigl( v ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) \leq \breve{F} \bigl( q_{1}(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}.$$

Since we can choose $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta }) \in \varOmega$$ arbitrarily, we have

$$v ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \leq \breve{F}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{F} \bigl( q_{1}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{ \breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] .$$
(2.20)

From (2.20), (2.18) and $$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) )$$ we get the desired inequality in (2.14). For $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =0$$, we carry out the above procedure with $$\epsilon >0$$ instead of $$a(\breve{x}, \breve{y})$$ and subsequently let $$\epsilon \rightarrow 0$$. This completes the proof. □

### Corollary 2.8

If we take$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}=\mathbb{R}$$in Theorem2.7, then the inequality

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) +p( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl( \breve{F}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{F} \bigl( q_{2} ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr] \biggr) \biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereĞis as defined in (2.8) and

\begin{aligned}& q_{2} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) =\breve{G} \bigl( a( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}p(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \\& \begin{gathered} \breve{F}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( ( \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \breve{G}^{-1} ) (\breve{s} ) },\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\\ \breve{F}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \breve{G}^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+ \infty , \end{gathered} \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{F} \bigl( q_{2} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} f(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{F}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Corollary 2.9

The discrete form of Theorem2.7can be obtained by letting$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}=\mathbb{Z}$$:

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) +\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0} ^{\breve{y}-1}\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) \bigl[ f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s}, \breve{t}) \bigr) +p(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr] \\ &{}+\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggl( \sum_{\breve{\tau }=0}^{ \breve{s}-1}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggr), \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \Biggl\{ \bar{G}^{-1} \Biggl( \bar{F}^{-1} \Biggl[ \bar{F} \bigl( \bar{q}_{2} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +\sum _{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( 1+ \sum_{\breve{\tau }=0}^{\breve{s}-1}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \Biggr) \Biggr] \Biggr) \Biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereĞis as defined in (2.9) and

\begin{aligned}& \bar{q}_{2} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) =\breve{G} \bigl( a( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) +\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}p(\breve{s},\breve{t}), \\& \begin{gathered} \bar{F}(r)=\sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{r-1} \frac{1}{ ( ( \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \bar{G}^{-1} ) (\breve{s} ) },\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\\ \bar{F}(+\infty )= \sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{1}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) \circ \bar{G}^{-1}(\breve{s})}=+ \infty , \end{gathered} \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\Biggl( \bar{F} \bigl( \bar{q}_{2} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) + \sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{ \breve{y}-1} f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( 1+\sum _{\breve{\tau }=0} ^{\breve{s}-1}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \Biggr) \Biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \bar{F}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Theorem 2.10

Assume thatg, a, f, u, ,ψ̄andφ̄be as in Theorem2.1. If$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$satisfies

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, then

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{H}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +\breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0} ^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr] \biggr\} ,$$
(2.21)

for$$0\leq \breve{x} \leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& \breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) = \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(2.22)
\begin{aligned}& \begin{gathered} \breve{H}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}}{ ( \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) },\quad r\geq r_{0}>0,\\ \breve{H}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{ \hat{\Delta }\breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) }=+\infty , \end{gathered} \end{aligned}
(2.23)

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +B(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{H}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Proof

Assume that $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) >0$$. Taking $$(\breve{\xi }, \breve{\zeta })\in \varOmega$$ as a fixed arbitrary point, we define $$z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) >0$$ to be a nondecreasing function by

\begin{aligned} z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&a(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })+ \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(2.24)

for $$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{\xi }\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{\zeta }\leq \breve{y}_{1}$$, hence $$z(0, \breve{y}) =z(\breve{x},0) =a(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })$$ and

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr).$$

From (2.24), and applying the chain rule on time scales, Theorem 1.4, we get

\begin{aligned} z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =&2 \biggl( \int _{0} ^{c} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}g( \breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{t} \\ \leq &2 \biggl( \int _{0}^{c} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{ \psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ \leq &2 \bigl( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \bigr) ^{2} \biggl( \int _{0}^{c} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \bigl( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \bigl( z(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) \bigr) \bigr) ^{2} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x}, \breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x} }g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}, \end{aligned}

thus, we have

\begin{aligned} \frac{z^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) }{ ( \bar{ \varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) ) ) ^{2}} \leq &2 \biggl( \int _{0}^{c} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \\ =& \biggl[ \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s}, \breve{t})\hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr)^{2} \biggr] ^{\hat{\Delta }_{\breve{x}}} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{x},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}. \end{aligned}
(2.25)

Integrating (2.25) and using (2.23), we get

\begin{aligned} \breve{H} \bigl( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &\breve{H} \bigl( a(\breve{ \xi },\breve{\zeta }) \bigr) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\hat{\Delta } \breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau } ,\breve{t})\hat{ \Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}. \end{aligned}

Since $$(\breve{\xi },\breve{\zeta })\in \varOmega$$ is chosen arbitrarily,

$$z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \breve{H}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{H} \bigl( a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) +\breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr] .$$
(2.26)

From (2.26) and $$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ( z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) )$$, we get the desired inequality (2.21). For $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =0$$, we carry out the above procedure with $$\epsilon >0$$ instead of $$a(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$ and subsequently let $$\epsilon \rightarrow 0$$. This completes the proof. □

### Corollary 2.11

If we take$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}=\mathbb{R}$$in Theorem2.10, then the inequality

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}} f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{ \breve{s}}g(\breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \,d \breve{\tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \biggl\{ \breve{H}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +\breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0} ^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr] \biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x} \leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& \breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) = \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\,d \breve{ \tau } \biggr) \,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s}, \\& \breve{H}(r)= \int _{r_{0}}^{r}\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) },\quad r \geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{H}(+\infty )= \int _{r_{0}}^{+\infty }\frac{d \breve{s}}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) }=+\infty , \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\biggl( \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +B(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}} f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\,d \breve{t}\,d \breve{s} \biggr) ^{2} \biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{H}^{-1} \bigr).$$

### Corollary 2.12

The discrete form can be obtained by letting$$\breve{\mathbb{T}}= \mathbb{Z}$$in Theorem2.10:

\begin{aligned} \bar{\psi } \bigl( u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \Biggl( \sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1} f(\breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggr) ^{2} \\ &{}+\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1}\sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggl( \sum_{\breve{\tau }=0}^{ \breve{s}-1}g( \breve{\tau },\breve{t})\bar{\varphi } \bigl( u( \breve{\tau },\breve{t}) \bigr) \Biggr), \end{aligned}

for$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, implies

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \leq \bar{\psi } ^{-1} \Biggl\{ \breve{H}^{-1} \Biggl[ \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +\breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) + \Biggl( \sum _{\breve{s}=0}^{ \breve{x}-1}\sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggr) ^{2} \Biggr] \Biggr\} ,$$

for$$0\leq \breve{x} \leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, where

\begin{aligned}& \breve{B}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =\sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum_{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggl( \sum_{\breve{\tau }=0}^{\breve{s}-1}g(\breve{\tau }, \breve{t}) \Biggr), \\& \breve{H}(r)=\sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{r-1} \frac{1}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) },\quad r \geq r_{0}>0,\qquad \breve{H}(+ \infty )=\sum_{\breve{s}=r_{0}}^{+ \infty } \frac{1}{ ( \bar{\varphi } \circ \bar{\psi } ^{-1} ) ^{2} ( \breve{s} ) }=+\infty , \end{aligned}

and$$( \breve{x}_{1},\breve{y}_{1} ) \in \varOmega$$is chosen so that

$$\Biggl( \breve{H} \bigl( a ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) +B(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \Biggl( \sum_{\breve{s}=0}^{\breve{x}-1} \sum _{\breve{t}=0}^{\breve{y}-1} f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \Biggr) ^{2} \Biggr) \in \operatorname{Dom} \bigl( \breve{H}^{-1} \bigr).$$

## Applications

The present section illustrates how Theorems 2.7 and 2.1 can be used to study the boundedness of the solutions of some initial boundary value problem for partial dynamic equations in two independent variables.

Let us consider the problem

\begin{aligned}& u^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x}\hat{\Delta } \breve{y}}(\breve{x}, \breve{y}) =\breve{F} \biggl( \breve{x}, \breve{y},u ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) , \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}\breve{k} \bigl( \breve{s}, \breve{y},u ( s,\breve{y} ) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr), \end{aligned}
(3.1)
\begin{aligned}& u ( \breve{x},0 ) =a_{1}(\breve{x}),\qquad u(0,\breve{y}) =a_{2}( \breve{y}),\qquad a_{1}(0)=a_{2}(0)=0, \end{aligned}
(3.2)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, where $$\breve{k}\in C _{\mathrm{rd}} ( \varOmega \times \mathbb{R} ,\mathbb{R} )$$, $$\breve{F} \in C_{\mathrm{rd}} ( \varOmega \times \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R} , \mathbb{R} )$$, $$a_{1}\in C_{\mathrm{rd}} ( \breve{\mathbb{T}}_{1}, \mathbb{R} )$$ and $$a_{2}\in C_{\mathrm{rd}} ( \breve{\mathbb{T}} _{2},\mathbb{R} )$$.

### Theorem 3.1

Suppose that the functions, , $$a_{2}$$, $$a_{1}$$in (3.1) and (3.2) satisfy the conditions

\begin{aligned}& \begin{aligned}[b] \bigl\vert \breve{F} ( \breve{x},\breve{y},u(\breve{x}, \breve{y},v ) \bigr\vert \leq {}&\bar{\varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) \bigl[ f ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u (\breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) +p ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr] \\ &{}+f ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bar{\varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) v, \end{aligned} \end{aligned}
(3.3)
\begin{aligned}& \bigl\vert \breve{k} \bigl( \breve{x},\breve{y},u ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bigr) \bigr\vert \leq g ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \bigr), \end{aligned}
(3.4)
\begin{aligned}& \bigl\vert a_{1}(\breve{x})+a_{2}( \breve{y}) \bigr\vert \leq a( \breve{x},\breve{y}), \end{aligned}
(3.5)

where the functionsp, g, a, f, andφ̄are defined as in Theorem2.7with$$a(\breve{x},\breve{y}) >0$$, for all$$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$, then

$$\bigl\vert u ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \leq \breve{G}^{-1} \biggl( \breve{F}^{-1} \biggl[ \breve{F} \bigl( q_{2}( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{ \breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl[ 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] \biggr),$$
(3.6)

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$, whereF, $$q_{2}$$andGare defined as in Theorem2.7.

### Proof

If the problem (3.1) and (3.2) has a solution $$u( \breve{x},\breve{y})$$, it can be written as

$$u(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a_{1}(\breve{x})+a_{2}( \breve{y})+ \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\breve{F} \biggl( \breve{s}, \breve{t},u (\breve{s},\breve{t} ) , \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}\breve{k} \bigl( \breve{\tau }, \breve{t},u ( \breve{\tau } ,t ) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s},$$
(3.7)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$. Using the conditions (3.3), (3.4) and (3.5) in (3.7), we get

\begin{aligned} \bigl\vert u ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \leq &a( \breve{x}, \breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\bar{ \varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{s},\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) \bigl[ f ( \breve{s}, \breve{t} ) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{s},\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) +p ( \breve{s},\breve{t} ) \bigr] \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f ( s,t ) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( s,t ) \bigr\vert \bigr) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bar{ \varphi } \bigl( \bigl\vert u ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(3.8)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$. Now, an application of Theorem 2.7 to (3.8) yields the required inequality in (3.6) where $$\bar{\psi }(u)=u$$. □

Let us consider the initial boundary value problem of the form

\begin{aligned}& \bigl(z^{q} \bigr)^{\hat{\Delta } \breve{x} \hat{\Delta } \breve{y}}( \breve{x},\breve{y}) = \breve{A} \biggl( \breve{x},\breve{y},z ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) , \int _{0}^{\breve{x}}h \bigl( \breve{s}, \breve{y},z ( \breve{s},\breve{y} ) \bigr) \hat{\Delta } \breve{s} \biggr) \end{aligned}
(3.9)
\begin{aligned}& z ( \breve{x},0 ) =a_{1}(\breve{x}),\qquad z(0,\breve{y}) =a_{2}( \breve{y}),\qquad a_{1}(0)=a_{2}(0)=0, \end{aligned}
(3.10)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$.

### Theorem 3.2

Assume that the functionsh, A, $$a_{2}$$, $$a_{1}$$in (3.9) and (3.10) satisfy the conditions

\begin{aligned}& \bigl\vert A ( \breve{x},\breve{y},z(\breve{x},\breve{y},v ) \bigr\vert \leq f ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigl\vert z ^{r} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert +f ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) v, \end{aligned}
(3.11)
\begin{aligned}& \bigl\vert h \bigl( \breve{x},\breve{y},z ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr) \bigr\vert \leq g ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigl\vert z^{r} ( \breve{x}, \breve{y} ) \bigr\vert , \end{aligned}
(3.12)
\begin{aligned}& \bigl\vert a_{1}(\breve{x})+a_{2}(\breve{y}) \bigr\vert \leq a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) , \end{aligned}
(3.13)

where$$r\geq q>0$$, then

$$\bigl\vert z(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr\vert \leq \biggl[ \bigl( a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) \bigr) ^{\frac{q-r}{q}}+\frac{q-r}{q} \int _{0} ^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( 1+ \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \hat{ \Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \biggr] ^{\frac{1}{q-r}},$$
(3.14)

for$$0\leq \breve{x}\leq \breve{x}_{1}$$, $$0\leq \breve{y}\leq \breve{y} _{1}$$.

### Proof

If the problem (3.9) and (3.10), has a solution $$z(\breve{x},\breve{y})$$ it can be written as

$$z^{q}(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =a_{1}(x)+a_{2}(y)+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}\breve{F} \biggl( \breve{s}, \breve{st},u ( \breve{s},\breve{t} ) , \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}\breve{k} \bigl( \breve{\tau }, \breve{t},u ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bigr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s},$$
(3.15)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$. Using the conditions (3.11), (3.12) and (3.13) in (3.15), we get

\begin{aligned} \bigl\vert z^{q} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f ( \breve{s},\breve{t} ) \bigl\vert z^{r} ( s,t ) \bigr\vert \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f ( \breve{s}, \breve{t} ) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g ( \breve{\tau }, \breve{t} ) \bigl\vert z^{r} ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \hat{ \Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(3.16)

from (3.16), we get

\begin{aligned} \bigl\vert z^{q} ( \breve{x},\breve{y} ) \bigr\vert \leq &a( \breve{x},\breve{y}) + \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f( \breve{s},\breve{t}) \bigl\vert z^{r} ( \breve{t},\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \hat{\Delta } \breve{t}\hat{\Delta }\breve{s} \\ &{}+ \int _{0}^{\breve{x}} \int _{0}^{\breve{y}}f(\breve{s},\breve{t}) \biggl( \int _{0}^{\breve{s}}g ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bigl\vert z ^{r} ( \breve{\tau },\breve{t} ) \bigr\vert \hat{\Delta } \breve{\tau } \biggr) \hat{\Delta }\breve{t} \hat{\Delta }\breve{s}, \end{aligned}
(3.17)

for any $$(\breve{x},\breve{y}) \in \varOmega$$. A suitable application of Theorem 2.1 to (3.17) with $$\bar{\psi } (u)=u^{q}$$, $$\bar{ \varphi } ( u ) =u^{r}$$ and $$p(\breve{x},\breve{y}) =0$$ gives the required inequality in (3.14). □

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### Acknowledgements

We are immensely thankful to the editor and anonymous referees for their valuable remarks, which helped to improve the paper.

Not applicable.

## Funding

This research was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University through the Fast-track Research Funding Program.

## Author information

All authors have equally contributed to the manuscript, and read and approved it.

Correspondence to A. A. El-Deeb.

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El-Deeb, A.A., Khan, Z.A. Certain new dynamic nonlinear inequalities in two independent variables and applications. Bound Value Probl 2020, 31 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13661-020-01338-z