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Genetics Selection Evolution

, 35:533 | Cite as

Biodiversity of 52 chicken populations assessed by microsatellite typing of DNA pools

  • Jossi HillelEmail author
  • Martien A.M. Groenen
  • Michèle Tixier-Boichard
  • Abraham B. Korol
  • Lior David
  • Valery M. Kirzhner
  • Terry Burke
  • Asili Barre-Dirie
  • Richard P.M.A. Crooijmans
  • Kari Elo
  • Marcus W. Feldman
  • Paul J. Freidlin
  • Asko Mäki-Tanila
  • Marian Oortwijn
  • Pippa Thomson
  • Alain Vignal
  • Klaus Wimmers
  • Steffen Weigend
Open Access
Research

Abstract

In a project on the biodiversity of chickens funded by the European Commission (EC), eight laboratories collaborated to assess the genetic variation within and between 52 populations from a wide range of chicken types. Twenty-two di-nucleotide microsatellite markers were used to genotype DNA pools of 50 birds from each population. The polymorphism measures for the average, the least polymorphic population (inbred C line) and the most polymorphic population (Gallus gallus spadiceus) were, respectively, as follows: number of alleles per locus, per population: 3.5, 1.3 and 5.2; average gene diversity across markers: 0.47, 0.05 and 0.64; and proportion of polymorphic markers: 0.91, 0.25 and 1.0. These were in good agreement with the breeding history of the populations. For instance, unselected populations were found to be more polymorphic than selected breeds such as layers. Thus DNA pools are effective in the preliminary assessment of genetic variation of populations and markers. Mean genetic distance indicates the extent to which a given population shares its genetic diversity with that of the whole tested gene pool and is a useful criterion for conservation of diversity. The distribution of population-specific (private) alleles and the amount of genetic variation shared among populations supports the hypothesis that the red jungle fowl is the main progenitor of the domesticated chicken.

Keywords

genetic distance polymorphism red jungle fowl DNA markers domesticated chicken 

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Copyright information

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2003

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jossi Hillel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martien A.M. Groenen
    • 2
  • Michèle Tixier-Boichard
    • 3
  • Abraham B. Korol
    • 4
  • Lior David
    • 1
  • Valery M. Kirzhner
    • 4
  • Terry Burke
    • 5
  • Asili Barre-Dirie
    • 6
  • Richard P.M.A. Crooijmans
    • 2
  • Kari Elo
    • 7
  • Marcus W. Feldman
    • 8
  • Paul J. Freidlin
    • 1
  • Asko Mäki-Tanila
    • 7
  • Marian Oortwijn
    • 2
  • Pippa Thomson
    • 5
  • Alain Vignal
    • 9
  • Klaus Wimmers
    • 10
  • Steffen Weigend
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental quality sciencesThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Institute of Animal SciencesWageningen Agricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institut national de la recherche agronomiqueCentre de Jouy-en-JosasFrance
  4. 4.Institute of EvolutionUniversity of HaifaIsrael
  5. 5.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesSheffield UniversityUK
  6. 6.Institute for Animal ScienceFederal Agricultural Research Centre, MarienseeNeustadtGermany
  7. 7.Agricultural Research CentreInstitute of Animal ProductionJokioinenFinland
  8. 8.Department of Biological SciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  9. 9.Institut national de la recherche agronomiqueCentre de ToulouseFrance
  10. 10.Institute of Animal Breeding ScienceRheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat BonnGermany

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