Clinical trials, by their very nature, are a kind of second choice involving uncertainty from the beginning. The inherent characteristics of clinical trials necessitate ethical considerations. Ethical analysis emphasizes the importance of medical indications, patient preferences, trial quality, and contextual features. Instances of clinical trial misconduct are usually due to insufficient analysis of medical indications, which ignore patient preferences and the way in which investigators assess clinical trial results. These problems are universal concerns. In the context of clinical trials, these are subjective needs in every society. For clinical trials conducted in Asia, ethics must consider the specific needs and benefits of Asian people
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Tanida, N. Ethical Considerations in Clinical Trials in Asia. Ther Innov Regul Sci 36, 41–49 (2002) doi:10.1177/009286150203600108
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