Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 313–319 | Cite as

Training Clinicians in Cultural Psychiatry: A Canadian Perspective

  • Laurence J. Kirmayer
  • Cécile Rousseau
  • Jaswant Guzder
  • G. Eric Jarvis
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

The authors summarize the pedagogical approaches and curriculum used in the training of clinicians in cultural psychiatry at the Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University.

Method

We reviewed available published and unpublished reports on the history and development of training in cultural psychiatry at McGill to identify the main orientations, teaching methods, curriculum, and course content. Student evaluations of teaching were reviewed. The training strategies and curriculum are related to the larger social context of Canadian society including the history of migration, current demography, and policies of multiculturalism.

Results

The McGill program includes core teaching, clinical rotations, an intensive summer program, and annual Advanced Study Institutes. The interdisciplinary training setting emphasizes general knowledge rather than specific ethnocultural groups, including: understanding the cultural assumptions implicit in psychiatric theory and practice; exploring the clinician’s personal and professional identity and social position; evidence-based conceptual frameworks for understanding the interaction of culture and psychopathology; learning to use an expanded version of the cultural formulation in DSM-IV for diagnostic assessment and treatment planning; and developing skills for working with interpreters and culture-brokers, who mediate and interpret the cultural meaning and assumptions of patient and clinician.

Conclusion

An approach to cultural psychiatry grounded in basic social science perspectives and in trainees’ appreciation of their own background can prepare clinicians to respond effectively to the changing configurations of culture, ethnicity, and identity in contemporary health care settings.

Keywords

Academic Psychiatry Clinical Rotation Dissociative Disorder Cultural Psychiatry Ethnocultural Group 

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Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurence J. Kirmayer
    • 1
  • Cécile Rousseau
    • 1
  • Jaswant Guzder
    • 1
  • G. Eric Jarvis
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry of the Department of PsychiatryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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