A Comparison of Evaluations of Male and Female Psychiatry Supervisors
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Objective: To assess whether male and female psychiatry supervisors are evaluated differently by psychiatry residents. Methods: The University of Toronto Department of Psychiatry compiled anonymous supervisor evaluations completed semiannually by psychiatry residents over a period of 3 years. Male and female psychiatry supervisors’ ratings were compared by using t-tests, effect estimates, and chi-square analyses. Results from these ratings were discussed in a resident focus group. Results: Female psychiatry supervisors (n = 76) were rated significantly lower than male supervisors (n = 222), both overall (P<0.05) and in the areas of enthusiasm (P<0.05), clarity (P<0.05), and knowledge (P<0.001). Conclusions: Future studies comparing evaluations of supervision by male and female psychiatrists must control for academic rank, numbers of publications, and hours of teaching. Comparing evaluations of the various male-female supervisory pairs will be useful to assess for gender biases.
KeywordsAcademic Psychiatry Medium Effect Size Academic Medicine Psychiatry Resident Male Resident
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