Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 268–270 | Cite as

Acculturation, Education, Training, and Workforce Issues of IMGs: Current Status and Future Directions



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Call for Papers: International medical graduates and academic psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry 2011; 35:154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smart DR: Physician Characteristics and Distribution in the U.S., 2011 Edition. Chicago, IL, American Medical Association; 2011Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates: 2010 Annual Report; available at
  4. 4.
    Vaidya N: An identity crisis. Am J Psychiatry 2011; 168: 354PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kramer MN: The educational needs of international medical graduates in psychiatric residencies. Acad Psychiatry 2005; 29:322–324PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Searight HR, Gafford J: Behavioral science education and the international medical graduate. Acad Med 2006; 81:164–170PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dorgan KA, Lang F, Floyd M, et al: International medical graduate patient communication: a qualitative analysis of perceived barriers. Acad Med 2009; 84:1567–1575PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pilotto LS, Duncan GF, Anderson-Wurf J: Issues for clinicians training international medical graduates: a systematic review. Med J Aust 2007; 187:225–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gozu A, Kern DE, Wright SM: Similarities and differences between international medical graduates and U.S. medical graduates at six Maryland community-based internal medicine residency training programs. Acad Med 2009; 84:385–390PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Whelan GP, Gary NE, Kostis J, et al: The changing pool of international medical graduates seeking certification training in U.S. graduate medical education programs. JAMA 2002; 288:1079–1084PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Garibaldi RA, Subhiyah R, Moore ME, et al: The In-Training Examination in Internal Medicine: an analysis of resident performance over time. Ann Intern Med 2002; 137:505–510PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Norcini JJ, Boulet JR, Whelan GP, et al: Specialty board certification among U.S. citizen and non-U.S. citizen graduates of international medical schools. Acad Med 2005; 80(Suppl):S42–S45PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Norcini JJ, Boulet JR, Dauphinee WD, et al: Evaluating the quality of care provided by graduates of international medical schools. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010; 29:1461–1468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Norton J: Buy American: choosing psychiatry residents. Acad Psychiatry 2001; 25:181–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Balon R, Coverdale JH, Roberts LW: Are we heading into a workforce crisis? Acad Psychiatry 2011; 35:1–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rao NR: “A little more than kin, and less than kind:” U.S. immigration policy on international medical graduates. Virtual Mentor 2012; 14:329–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Alberti M: Recruitment of foreign physicians: a zero-sum equation? Remapping Debate: Original Reporting, 2011; available at
  18. 18.
    Rao NR, Meinzer AE, Berman SS: Perspectives on screening and interviewing international medical graduates for psychiatric residency training programs. Acad Psychiatry 1994; 18:178–188Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rao NR: The influence of culture on learning of psychiatry: the case of Asian-Indian international medical graduates. Int J Appl Psychoanal Stud 2007; 4:128–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rao NR, Aggarwal R, Anzia JM, et al: Workshop: Role of Gender and Culture in Professional Psychiatry. Presented at the 165th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Philadelphia, PA, May 8, 2012Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Myers GE: Addressing the effects of culture on the boundary-keeping practices of psychiatry residents educated outside of the United States. Acad Psychiatry 2004; 28:47–55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral ScienceNassau Univ. Medical CenterEast Meadow
  2. 2.Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAurora

Personalised recommendations