Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 24, Issue 7, pp 707–753 | Cite as

Novel five-membered ring intermediates in gas phase reactions

  • Richard A. Loomis
  • Stephen R. Leone
  • Mary K. Gilles
Article

Abstract

This review considers the role of closed-ring intermediates in chemistry, in general, and focuses on recent experimental and theoretical works that provide compelling evidence for a fivemembered ring intermediate in the gas phase. The reactions of oxygen atoms with ethyl iodide and larger alkyl iodides produce HOI and a corresponding ethylenic compound via attack of the oxygen atom at the iodine and closure of the five-membered ring between the oxygen and a hydrogen on the beta-carbon. Detailed results are gathered from infrared chemiluminescence and molecular beam scattering, as well as new kinetics and product yield experiments. The theoretical calculations fully support and characterize the novel reaction mechanism.

Keywords

Rate Coefficient Product Channel Ring Intermediate Ethyl Iodide Alkyl Iodide 

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Copyright information

© Springer 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Loomis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen R. Leone
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mary K. Gilles
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.JILAUniversity of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, and University of ColoradoBoulderU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of ColoradoBoulderU.S.A.
  3. 3.Aeronomy LaboratoryNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationBoulderUSA
  4. 4.The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA

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