Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 241–255 | Cite as

Microwve induced catalytic reactions of carbon dioxide and water: mimicry of photosynthesis

  • J. K. S. Wan
  • G. Bamwenda
  • M. C. Depew
Article

Abstract

In an attempt to emulate the highly successful photosynthetic recycling of CO2 to form energetically useful fuels in nature this study investigates the microwave induced reaction of carbon dioxide and water in a continuous flow system using a supported nickel catalyst and 2.45 GHz microwave radiation with an average incident power of 2.2 kW. The major reaction products were methane, ethane, methanol, acetone, C3 and C4 alcohols. The yields of methane, C3 and C4 alcohols reached maximum values after 30 s of irradiation, while the yields of ethane, methanol and acetone were proportional to the irradiation time within the investigated range.

Keywords

Microwave Irradiation Time Catalyst Surface Supported Nickel Catalyst Carbon Dioxide Reaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S.L. McGill and J.W. Walkiewicz, J. Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, Symposium Summaries (1987)175.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.Y. Tse, Ph.D. Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada, (1990).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.L. Cameron, M.C. Depew and J.K.S. Wan, Res. Chem. Intermed., 16(1991)57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.K.S. Wan, Method for Disposal of Chemical Waste, U.S. Patent 1 159 010 (1983).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.Y. Tse, M.C. Depew and J.K.S. Wan, Res. Chem. Intermed., 13(1990)221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.K.S. Wan, M.Y. Tse, H. Husby and C. Depew, J. Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, 25(1990)32.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.K.S. Wan, U.S. Patent 457 4083 (1983).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T.R.J. Dineson, M.Y. Tse, M.C. Depew, and J.K.S. Wan, Res. Chem. Intermed., 15(1991)113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.G. Russell, D. St. Pierre, and J.B. Milford, Science, 247(1990)201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Kiennemann, J.P. Hindermannn, R. Breault, and H. Idriss in D.R. Fahey (Ed.), Industrial Chemicals From C1 Processes. ACS Symposium Series 328, ACS, New York, 1987, pp. 237–249.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.L.F. Favre, G. van der Lee, and V. Ponec, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (1985)230.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. van der Riet, R.G. Copperthwaite, S.F. Demarger, and G.J. Hutchings, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (1988)687.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.K.A. Clarke, R. Darcy, B.F. Hegarty, E. O’Donoghue, V. Amir-Ebrahimi, and J.J. Rooney, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun., (1986)425.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. S. Wan
    • 1
  • G. Bamwenda
    • 1
  • M. C. Depew
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

Personalised recommendations