Botnet: Classification, Attacks, Detection, Tracing, and Preventive Measures

  • Jing Liu
  • Yang Xiao
  • Kaveh Ghaboosi
  • Hongmei Deng
  • Jingyuan Zhang
Open Access
Review Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Wireless Network Security 2009

Abstract

Botnets become widespread in wired and wireless networks, whereas the relevant research is still in the initial stage. In this paper, a survey of botnets is provided. We first discuss fundamental concepts of botnets, including formation and exploitation, lifecycle, and two major kinds of topologies. Several related attacks, detection, tracing, and countermeasures, are then introduced, followed by recent research work and possible future challenges.

Keywords

Information System Research Work Wireless Network Preventive Measure System Application 

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Copyright information

© Jing Liu et al. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Liu
    • 1
  • Yang Xiao
    • 1
  • Kaveh Ghaboosi
    • 2
  • Hongmei Deng
    • 3
  • Jingyuan Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.The Centre for Wireless CommunicationsUniversity of OuluFinland
  3. 3.Intelligent Automation, Inc.RockvilleUSA

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