Advances in the understanding of multiferroics through soft X-ray diffraction

  • T. A. W. Beale
  • S. B. Wilkins
  • R. D. Johnson
  • D. Prabhakaran
  • A. T. Boothroyd
  • P. Steadman
  • S. S. Dhesi
  • P. D. Hatton
Open Access
Regular Article

Abstract

The magneto-electric multiferroic TbMn2O5 has a complex magnetic structure in three different magnetically ordered phases. We have determined the nature of the induced magnetic order on the oxygen sites in the commensurate magnetic phase through full linear X-ray polarisation analysis at the oxygen K edge. This has been achieved rotating the linear polarisation of the incident beam at the source, and using multilayers to analyse the polarisation state of the scattered X-ray beam. We have confirmed that the anisotropy of the magnetic scattering at the oxygen edge is consistent with the anisotropy of the manganese magnetic structure.

Keywords

Magnetic Structure European Physical Journal Special Topic Multiferroic Material Magnetic Scattering Orbital Order 

References

  1. 1.
    N.A. Spalding, S.-W. Cheong, R. Ramesh, Phys. Today 63, 38 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.-W. Cheong, M. Mostovoy, Nature Materials 6, 13 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Kenzelamnn, A.B. Harris, S. Jonas, C. Broholm, J. Schefer, S.B. Kim, C.L. Zhang, S.-W. Cheong, O.P. Vajk, J.W. Lynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087206 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Hur, S. Park, P.A. Sharma, J.S. Ahn, S. Guha, S.-W. Cheong, Nature 429, 392 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Ikeda, H. Ohsumi, K. Ohwafa, K. Ishii, T. Inami, K. Kakurai, Y. Murakami, K. Yoshii, S. Mori, Y. Horibe, H. Kitô, Nature 436, 1136 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.T. Rado, J.M. Ferrari, Phys. Rev. B 12, 5166 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.T. Rado, J.M. Ferrari, Phys. Rev. B 15, 290 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Toledano, Phys. Rev. B 79, 094416 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Toledano, W. Schranz, G Krexner, Phys. Rev. B 79, 144103 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Azimonte, E. Granado, H. Terashita, S. Park, S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. B 81, 012103 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Kenzelmann, A.B. Harris, S. Jonas, C. Broholm, J. Schefer, S.B. Kim, C.L. Zhang, S.-W. Cheong, O.P. Vajk, J.W. Lynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087206 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G.R. Blake, L.C. Chapon, P.G. Radaelli, S. Park, N.H. Hur, S.-W. Cheong, J. Rodriguez-Carvajal, Phys. Rev. B 71, 214402 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Fukunaga, K. Nishihata, H. Kimura, Y. Noda, K. Kohn, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 76, 074710 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Roessli, P. Fischer, P.J. Brown, M. Janoschek, D. Sheptyakov, S. Gvasaliya, B. Ouladdiaf, O. Zaharko, E. Golovenchits, V. Sanina, J. Phys. C 20, 485216 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P.G. Radaelli, C. Vecchini, L.C. Chapon, P.J. Brown, S. Park, S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. B 79, 020404 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. Mannix, D.F. McMorrow, R.A. Ewings, A.T. Boothroyd, D. Prabhakaran, Y. Joly, B. Janousova, C. Mazzoli, L. Paolasini, S.B. Wilkins, Phys. Rev. B 76, 184420 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.A. Ewings, A.T. Boothroyd, D.F. McMorrow, D. Mannix, H.C. Walker, B.M.R. Wanklyn, Phys. Rev. B 77, 104415 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Beutier, A. Bombardi, C. Vecchini, P.G. Radaelli, S. Park, S.-W. Cheong, L.C. Chapon, Phys. Rev. B 77, 172408 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.D. Johnson, S.R. Bland, C. Mazzoli, T.A.W. Beale, C.H. Du, C. Detlefs, S.B. Wilkins, P.D. Hatton, Phys. Rev. B 78, 104407 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. Fabrizi, H.C. Walker, L. Paolasini, F. de Bergevin, T. Fennell, N. Rogado, R.J. Cava, Th. Wolf, M. Kenzelmann, D.F. McMorrow, Phys. Rev. B 82, 024434 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Bodenthin, U. Staub, M. García-Fernández, M. Janoschek, J. Schlappa, E.I. Golovenchits, V.A. Sanina, S.G. Lushnikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 027201 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R.A. de Souza, U. Staub, V. Scagnoli, M. Garganourakis, Y. Bodenthin, S.-W. Huang, M. García-Fernández, S. Ji, S.-H. Lee, S. Park, S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. B 84, 104416 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L.C. Chapon, G.R. Blake, M.J. Gutmann, S. Park, N. Hur, P.G. Radaelli, S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 177402 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. Scagnoli, C. Mazzoli, C. Detlefs, P. Bernard, A. Fondacaro, L. Paolasini, F. Fabrizi, F. de Bergevin, J. Sync. Rad. 16, 778 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    T.A.W. Beale, S.B. Wilkins, R.D. Johnson, S.R. Bland, Y. Joly, T.R. Forrest, D.F. McMorrow, F. Yakhou, D. Prabhakaran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 087203 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Partzsch, S.B. Wilkins, J.P. Hill, E. Schierle, E. Weschke, D. Souptel, B. Büchner, J. Geck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 057201 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.P. Hannon, G.T. Trammell, M. Blume, Doon Gibbs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1245 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    T.A.W. Beale, T.P.A. Hase, T. Iida, K. Endo, P. Steadman, A.R. Marshall, S.S. Dhesi, G. van der Laan, P.D. Hatton, Rev. Sci. Instr. 81 073904 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Koo, C. Song, S. Ji, J.-S. Lee, J. Park, T.-H. Jang, C.-H. Yang, J.-H. Park, Y.H. Jeong, K.-B. Lee, T.Y. Koo, Y.J. Park, J.-Y. Kim, D. Wemeille, A.I. Goldman, G. Srajer, S. Park, S.-W. Cheong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 197601 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    U. Staub, Y. Bodenthin, M. García-Fernández, R.A. de Souza, M. Garganourakis, E.I. Golovenchits, V.A. Sanina, S. G. Lushnikov, Phys. Rev. B 81, 144401 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    U. Staub, V. Scagnoli, Y. Bodenthin, M. García-Fernández, R. Wetter, A.M. Mulders, H. Grimmer, M. Horisberger, J. Sync. Rad. 15, 469 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Y. Joly, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125120 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A.S. Moskvin, R.V. Pisarev, Phys. Rev. B 77, 060102 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Giovannetti, J. van den Brink, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 227603 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. W. Beale
    • 1
  • S. B. Wilkins
    • 2
  • R. D. Johnson
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Prabhakaran
    • 3
  • A. T. Boothroyd
    • 3
  • P. Steadman
    • 5
  • S. S. Dhesi
    • 5
  • P. D. Hatton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  2. 2.Department of Condensed Matter Physics & Materials ScienceBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  3. 3.Clarendon Laboratory, Department of PhysicsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  4. 4.ISIS FacilityRutherford Appleton Laboratory – STFCChilton, Didcot, OxfordshireUK
  5. 5.Diamond Light Source Ltd.Harwell Science and Innovation CampusChilton, Didcot, OxfordshireUK

Personalised recommendations