Advances in the understanding of multiferroics through soft X-ray diffraction

  • T. A. W. Beale
  • S. B. Wilkins
  • R. D. Johnson
  • D. Prabhakaran
  • A. T. Boothroyd
  • P. Steadman
  • S. S. Dhesi
  • P. D. Hatton
Open Access
Regular Article


The magneto-electric multiferroic TbMn2O5 has a complex magnetic structure in three different magnetically ordered phases. We have determined the nature of the induced magnetic order on the oxygen sites in the commensurate magnetic phase through full linear X-ray polarisation analysis at the oxygen K edge. This has been achieved rotating the linear polarisation of the incident beam at the source, and using multilayers to analyse the polarisation state of the scattered X-ray beam. We have confirmed that the anisotropy of the magnetic scattering at the oxygen edge is consistent with the anisotropy of the manganese magnetic structure.


Magnetic Structure European Physical Journal Special Topic Multiferroic Material Magnetic Scattering Orbital Order 
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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. W. Beale
    • 1
  • S. B. Wilkins
    • 2
  • R. D. Johnson
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Prabhakaran
    • 3
  • A. T. Boothroyd
    • 3
  • P. Steadman
    • 5
  • S. S. Dhesi
    • 5
  • P. D. Hatton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  2. 2.Department of Condensed Matter Physics & Materials ScienceBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  3. 3.Clarendon Laboratory, Department of PhysicsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  4. 4.ISIS FacilityRutherford Appleton Laboratory – STFCChilton, Didcot, OxfordshireUK
  5. 5.Diamond Light Source Ltd.Harwell Science and Innovation CampusChilton, Didcot, OxfordshireUK

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